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System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry

School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
School of Architecture and Built Environment, Entrepreneurship, Commercialisation and Innovation Centre (ECIC), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Albert P. C. Chan and Wen Yi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1059;
Received: 21 September 2016 / Revised: 26 October 2016 / Accepted: 26 October 2016 / Published: 28 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effecting a Safe and Healthy Environment in Construction)
PDF [2537 KB, uploaded 28 October 2016]


The construction industry is a demanding work environment where employees’ work-family conflict is particularly prominent. This conflict has a significant impact on job and family satisfaction and performance of employees. In order to analyze the dynamic evolution of construction industry employee’s work-family conflict between work and family domains, this paper constructs a bi-directional dynamic model framework of work-family conflict by referring to the relevant literature. Consequently, a system dynamics model of employee’s work-family conflict in the construction industry is established, and a simulation is conducted. The simulation results indicate that construction industry employees experience work interference with family conflict (WIFC) levels which are significantly greater than the family interference with work conflict (FIWC) levels. This study also revealed that improving work flexibility and organizational support can have a positive impact on the satisfaction and performance of construction industry employees from a work and family perspective. Furthermore, improving family support can only significantly improve employee job satisfaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction employees; work-family conflict; system dynamics; simulation construction employees; work-family conflict; system dynamics; simulation

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Wu, G.; Duan, K.; Zuo, J.; Yang, J.; Wen, S. System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1059.

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