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Open AccessCommentary
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 11025-11036;

Infectious Diseases, Urbanization and Climate Change: Challenges in Future China

School of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
Department of Epidemiology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaid 5005, Australia
Communications and Media Studies, School of Media, Film and Journalism, Monash University, Clayton 3800, Australia
Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5001, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan C. Semenza
Received: 9 July 2015 / Revised: 24 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [646 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]


China is one of the largest countries in the world with nearly 20% of the world’s population. There have been significant improvements in economy, education and technology over the last three decades. Due to substantial investments from all levels of government, the public health system in China has been improved since the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak. However, infectious diseases still remain a major population health issue and this may be exacerbated by rapid urbanization and unprecedented impacts of climate change. This commentary aims to explore China’s current capacity to manage infectious diseases which impair population health. It discusses the existing disease surveillance system and underscores the critical importance of strengthening the system. It also explores how the growing migrant population, dramatic changes in the natural landscape following rapid urbanization, and changing climatic conditions can contribute to the emergence and re-emergence of infectious disease. Continuing research on infectious diseases, urbanization and climate change may inform the country’s capacity to deal with emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; urbanization; infectious disease; disease surveillance; challenges; disease control and prevention climate change; urbanization; infectious disease; disease surveillance; challenges; disease control and prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tong, M.X.; Hansen, A.; Hanson-Easey, S.; Cameron, S.; Xiang, J.; Liu, Q.; Sun, Y.; Weinstein, P.; Han, G.-S.; Williams, C.; Bi, P. Infectious Diseases, Urbanization and Climate Change: Challenges in Future China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 11025-11036.

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