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Open AccessArticle

Examining the Link Between Public Transit Use and Active Commuting

1
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Caulfield
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 4256-4274; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120404256
Received: 2 March 2015 / Revised: 30 March 2015 / Accepted: 13 April 2015 / Published: 17 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Impacts on Public Health)
Background: An established relationship exists between public transportation (PT) use and physical activity. However, there is limited literature that examines the link between PT use and active commuting (AC) behavior. This study examines this link to determine if PT users commute more by active modes. Methods: A volunteer, convenience sample of adults (n = 748) completed an online survey about AC/PT patterns, demographic, psychosocial, community and environmental factors. t-test compared differences between PT riders and non-PT riders. Binary logistic regression analyses examined the effect of multiple factors on AC and a full logistic regression model was conducted to examine AC. Results: Non-PT riders (n = 596) reported less AC than PT riders. There were several significant relationships with AC for demographic, interpersonal, worksite, community and environmental factors when considering PT use. The logistic multivariate analysis for included age, number of children and perceived distance to work as negative predictors and PT use, feelings of bad weather and lack of on-street bike lanes as a barrier to AC, perceived behavioral control and spouse AC were positive predictors. Conclusions: This study revealed the complex relationship between AC and PT use. Further research should investigate how AC and public transit use are related. View Full-Text
Keywords: active transportation; public transit; physical activity; health; commuting active transportation; public transit; physical activity; health; commuting
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Bopp, M.; Gayah, V.V.; Campbell, M.E. Examining the Link Between Public Transit Use and Active Commuting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4256-4274.

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