Hypertension and the Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D and E
AbstractHypertension affects populations globally and is thus a public health and socio-economic problem. Macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies are common in the general population, and may be even more prevalent in hypertensive patients. This study aimed to determine a possible association between hypertension and intake of fat-soluble vitamins A, D and E. Participants were from the cross-sectional Hortega nutrition study conducted with a random sample of 1514 people (50.3% women, 49.7% men) and two groups: nonhypertensive controls ≥40 years old (n = 429; 28.3%); unknown untreated hypertension cases ≥40 years old (n = 246; 16.2%). Biochemical and anthropometric measurements were taken. Data on dietary intakes, education, socio-economic status, place of residence, health habits, comorbidities, alcohol consumption and smoking were collected and assessed. A descriptive data study was done and compared by ANOVA and Chi-Square. No p value higher than 0.05 was considered significant. The results showed that vitamin A intake was higher in the hypertensive subpopulation (1732.77 ± 962.27 µg vs. 1655.89 ± 902.81 µg), and vitamin D and E intakes were lower (8.13 ± 9.71 µg vs. 8.25 ± 9.52 µg and 18.79 ± 7.84 mg vs. 18.60 ± 8.20 mg, respectively). No statistically significant differences were found in any adjusted model. This study did not significantly associate intake of vitamins A, D and E with hypertension in people aged over 40. Future studies on this topic and a larger sample are necessary. View Full-Text
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Llopis-González, A.; Rubio-López, N.; Pineda-Alonso, M.; Martín-Escudero, J.C.; Chaves, F.J.; Redondo, M.; Morales-Suarez-Varela, M. Hypertension and the Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D and E. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2793-2809.
Llopis-González A, Rubio-López N, Pineda-Alonso M, Martín-Escudero JC, Chaves FJ, Redondo M, Morales-Suarez-Varela M. Hypertension and the Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D and E. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(3):2793-2809.Chicago/Turabian Style
Llopis-González, Agustin; Rubio-López, Nuria; Pineda-Alonso, Monica; Martín-Escudero, Juan C.; Chaves, Felipe J.; Redondo, Maximino; Morales-Suarez-Varela, Maria. 2015. "Hypertension and the Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D and E." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 3: 2793-2809.