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Article

Screening for Infectious Diseases among Newly Arrived Migrants: Experiences and Practices in Non-EU Countries of the Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea

1
National Centre for Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion, National Institute of Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanità, ISS), viale Regina Elena 299, Rome 00161, Italy
2
European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Tomtebodavägen 11a, Stockholm 17183, Sweden
3
DG Communication and European and International Relations—Italian Ministry of Health, Lungotevere Ripa 1, Rome 00153, Italy
4
Network for the Control of Cross-border Health Threats in the Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea—Coordination Centre, National Institute of Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanità, ISS), viale Regina Elena 299, Rome 00161, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Janet Seeley and Sloane Burke Winkelman
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15550-15558; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121215002
Received: 22 September 2015 / Revised: 27 October 2015 / Accepted: 30 November 2015 / Published: 8 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
Changing migration dynamics in the Mediterranean Sea and differences in infectious diseases (ID) burden between the countries of origin have raised questions whether public health actions are needed to avoid the transmission of ID. Screening newly arrived migrants for ID is one health monitoring option, offering opportunities for prevention, early detection and treatment. The authors conducted a survey among country experts in non-European Union countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea, in order to explore current ID screening practices and policies for newly arrived migrants. The association between the existence of guidelines and the proportion of refugees in the population was also estimated. Eighteen country experts responded (90%) out of the 20 invited. Eleven countries (61%) implemented screening programmes and six (38%) had national guidelines. Screening was performed most often for tuberculosis at the holding level. A higher proportion of refugees in the population was associated with the existence of guidelines for screening (p = 0.05). Fourteen experts (88%) considered screening among migrants useful. The results show that screening for ID in newly arrived migrants is relevant for non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Common guidelines could be promoted focusing on both individual and public health benefits of screening programmes. View Full-Text
Keywords: screening for infectious diseases; newly arrived migrants; Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea screening for infectious diseases; newly arrived migrants; Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Napoli, C.; Dente, M.G.; Kärki, T.; Riccardo, F.; Rossi, P.; Declich, S.; For The Control Of Cross-border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea, N. Screening for Infectious Diseases among Newly Arrived Migrants: Experiences and Practices in Non-EU Countries of the Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15550-15558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121215002

AMA Style

Napoli C, Dente MG, Kärki T, Riccardo F, Rossi P, Declich S, For The Control Of Cross-border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea N. Screening for Infectious Diseases among Newly Arrived Migrants: Experiences and Practices in Non-EU Countries of the Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(12):15550-15558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121215002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Napoli, Christian, Maria G. Dente, Tommi Kärki, Flavia Riccardo, Pasqualino Rossi, Silvia Declich, and Network For The Control Of Cross-border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea. 2015. "Screening for Infectious Diseases among Newly Arrived Migrants: Experiences and Practices in Non-EU Countries of the Mediterranean Basin and Black Sea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12, no. 12: 15550-15558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121215002

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