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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 13455-13465;

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Dyslipidemia in Chongqing, China

Chongqing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chongqing 400042, China
Department of Epidemiology, College of Prevention Medicine, the 3rd Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 22 July 2015 / Revised: 14 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 October 2015 / Published: 26 October 2015
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The increasing prevalence of dyslipidemia has become a worldwide public health problem, and the prevalence varies widely according to socioeconomic, cultural and ethnic characteristics. Chongqing has experienced rapid economic development and is now the economic center of Southwestern China. There are scant data on serum lipid profile of residents in Chongqing, the largest municipality directly under the Central Government in China. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of 5375 residents of Chongqing, aged ≥18 years, and estimated the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its associated risk factors. According to the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, the age-standardized prevalence of dyslipidemia was 35.5% (34.4% among men and 37.6% among women). Among the 2009 patients with dyslipidemia, 44.2% had isolated hypertriglyceridemia, 14.7% had isolated hypercholesterolemia, 13.2% had mixed hyperlipidemia, and 28.0% had isolated low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The peak prevalence of dyslipidemia in men was between 30 and 39 years (48.2%), and then declined gradually; in women, the prevalence of dyslipidemia increased with age, with the peak prevalence occurring after age 60 (46.3%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that dyslipidemia was associated with age, education level, physical activity, obesity and central obesity for both men and women. In conclusion, the results indicated dyslipidemia, particularly hypertriglyceridemia and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, are very common in Chongqing. To prevent dyslipidemia, it is essential to conduct appropriate intervention programs aimed at risk factor reduction and implement routine screening programs for blood lipid levels in Chongqing, China. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslipidemia; prevalence; risk factors dyslipidemia; prevalence; risk factors

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Qi, L.; Ding, X.; Tang, W.; Li, Q.; Mao, D.; Wang, Y. Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Dyslipidemia in Chongqing, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13455-13465.

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