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Open AccessArticle

Predictors of Successful Quitting among Thai Adult Smokers: Evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey

1
Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
2
Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
3
Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
4
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
5
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
6
School of Public health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
7
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, ON M5G 0A3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Coral Gartner and Britta Wigginton
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12095-12109; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121012095
Received: 23 June 2015 / Revised: 21 September 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 25 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control 2015)
This study uses longitudinal data from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia (ITC-SEA Thailand) survey to explore patterns and predictors of successful quitting among Thai adult smokers as a function of time quit. A cohort of a representative sample of 2000 smokers was surveyed four times from 2005 to 2009. A sample of 1533 individuals provided data for at least one of the reported analyses. Over the four years of follow-up, 97% made attempts to quit. Outcomes were successful quitting/relapse: (a) quit attempts of at least one month (short-term relapse, 43%) (57% remaining quit); (b) surviving at least six months (medium-term) (31%); (c) relapse between one and six months (45%); (d) having continuously quit between Waves 3 and 4 (sustained abstinence) (14%); and (e) relapse from six months on (44%) compared to those who continuously quit between Waves 3 and 4 (56%). Predictors for early relapse (<1 month) differ from longer-term relapse. Age was associated with reduced relapse over all three periods, and was much stronger for longer periods of abstinence. Cigarette consumption predicted relapse for short and medium terms. Self-assessed addiction was predictive of early relapse, but reversed to predict abstinence beyond six months. Previous quit history of more than one week was predictive of early abstinence, but became unrelated subsequently. Self-efficacy was strongly predictive of abstinence in the first month but was associated with relapse thereafter. Some determinants of relapse change with time quit, but this may be in somewhat different to patterns found in the West. View Full-Text
Keywords: predictors of successful quitting; adult smokers in Thailand; ITC surveys predictors of successful quitting; adult smokers in Thailand; ITC surveys
MDPI and ACS Style

Jampaklay, A.; Borland, R.; Yong, H.-H.; Sirirassamee, B.; Fotuhi, O.; Fong, G.T. Predictors of Successful Quitting among Thai Adult Smokers: Evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12095-12109.

AMA Style

Jampaklay A, Borland R, Yong H-H, Sirirassamee B, Fotuhi O, Fong GT. Predictors of Successful Quitting among Thai Adult Smokers: Evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(10):12095-12109.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jampaklay, Aree; Borland, Ron; Yong, Hua-Hie; Sirirassamee, Buppha; Fotuhi, Omid; Fong, Geoffrey T. 2015. "Predictors of Successful Quitting among Thai Adult Smokers: Evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 10: 12095-12109.

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