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Open AccessArticle

A Synthetic Method for Atmospheric Diffusion Simulation and Environmental Impact Assessment of Accidental Pollution in the Chemical Industry in a WEBGIS Context

by Haochen Ni 1,2, Yikang Rui 1,2, Jiechen Wang 1,2,* and Liang Cheng 1,2
1
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
2
Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 9238-9255; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110909238
Received: 9 June 2014 / Revised: 15 August 2014 / Accepted: 27 August 2014 / Published: 5 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution Modeling)
The chemical industry poses a potential security risk to factory personnel and neighboring residents. In order to mitigate prospective damage, a synthetic method must be developed for an emergency response. With the development of environmental numeric simulation models, model integration methods, and modern information technology, many Decision Support Systems (DSSs) have been established. However, existing systems still have limitations, in terms of synthetic simulation and network interoperation. In order to resolve these limitations, the matured simulation model for chemical accidents was integrated into the WEB Geographic Information System (WEBGIS) platform. The complete workflow of the emergency response, including raw data (meteorology information, and accident information) management, numeric simulation of different kinds of accidents, environmental impact assessments, and representation of the simulation results were achieved. This allowed comprehensive and real-time simulation of acute accidents in the chemical industry. The main contribution of this paper is that an organizational mechanism of the model set, based on the accident type and pollutant substance; a scheduling mechanism for the parallel processing of multi-accident-type, multi-accident-substance, and multi-simulation-model; and finally a presentation method for scalar and vector data on the web browser on the integration of a WEB Geographic Information System (WEBGIS) platform. The outcomes demonstrated that this method could provide effective support for deciding emergency responses of acute chemical accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; chemical accident numeric simulation; environmental impact; emergency decision making air pollution; chemical accident numeric simulation; environmental impact; emergency decision making
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Ni, H.; Rui, Y.; Wang, J.; Cheng, L. A Synthetic Method for Atmospheric Diffusion Simulation and Environmental Impact Assessment of Accidental Pollution in the Chemical Industry in a WEBGIS Context. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 9238-9255.

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