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Open AccessArticle

Effects and Risk Evaluation of Oil Spillage in the Sea Areas of Changxing Island

1
School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117, China
2
National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian, Liaoning 116023, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8491-8507; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808491
Received: 12 May 2014 / Revised: 30 June 2014 / Accepted: 1 August 2014 / Published: 19 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preparedness and Emergency Response)
This paper evaluated the oil spillage risk in the waters near the island of Changxing in Dalian (China) based on the established risk assessment index. Four wind regimes (windless, northerly wind, westerly wind and southerly wind) were selected as weather conditions for the dynamic prediction of oil drift. If an oil spill occurs near the Koumen (a place near the island of Changxing), the forecast and evaluation are conducted based on a three-dimensional mathematical model of oil spillage, and the results obtained show the scope of the affected area when winds from various directions are applied. The oil spillage would, under various conditions, flow into the northern and western sea area of Changxing Island Bay, namely the Dalian harbor seal National Nature Reserve, and create adverse effects on the marine ecological environment. The rationality of combining the established oil spillage risk comprehensive index system with model prediction is further confirmed. Finally, preventive measures and quick fixes are presented in the case of accidental oil spillages. The most effective method to reduce environment risk is to adopt reasonable preventive measures and quick fixes. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil spillage; effect on marine environment; risk evaluation; preventive measures oil spillage; effect on marine environment; risk evaluation; preventive measures
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Wang, H.; Xu, J.; Zhao, W.; Zhang, J. Effects and Risk Evaluation of Oil Spillage in the Sea Areas of Changxing Island. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8491-8507.

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