The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project — A Community-Level, Public Health Initiative to Build Community Disaster Resilience
2.1. Intervention Development
2.2. Collaboration with Diverse Stakeholders
|Community||Population||Race/Ethnicity||Median Household Income||Percent Renters||Participating Organizations|
|10,938||His/Lat:18.1% White: 75.9%|
Afr. Amer: 1.0%
|Acton: $87,896; Agua Dulce: $97,000||10.8%||Town Committees, Sheriff’s Department, CERT, U.S. Forest Service|
|La Cresenta||19,653||His/Lat: 11.4%, White: 57.9%, Afr. Amer: 0.7% Asian: 27.2%||$83,048||35.6%||Fire Safe Committee, Chamber of Commerce, CERT, Fire and Sheriff’s Departments, Assisting Seniors Through Enhanced Resources (ASTER)|
|Pomona||149,058||His/Lat: 70.5%, White: 12.5%, Afr. Amer: 6.8%|
|$50,893||44.9%||Emergency Manager, Pomona College, Chamber of Commerce|
American Red Cross, City Youth and Family services, Police, Tri-city Mental Health
|Pico Union||44,664||His/Lat: 66.4%, White: 9.1%, Afr. Amer: 6.2%|
|$26,424||89.4%||Neighborhood Committee, Police, Fire, County School District, Elementary Schools, Neighborhood Watch, Prevencion y Rescate, Salvation Army, Health Center, Pueblo Nuevo, Kolping House, Latino Community Chamber of Commerce|
|Culver City||38,883||His/Lat: 23.2%, White: 48.0%|
Afr. Amer: 9.2%
|$75,596||45.7%||Culver City Coalition, Westside Children’s Center, Sony Pictures Entertainment, City School District, Open Paths Counseling Center, Kids are 1st, Medical Center|
|Watts||51,223||His/Lat: 73.4%, White: 0.6%|
Afr. Amer: 24.8%, Asian: 0.2%
|$25,161||60.0%||Watts Gang Task Force, Kaiser Permanente, City of LA, Concerned Citizens of South Central Los Angeles, Housing Authority, The Center of Grief and Loss|
|Huntington Park||58,114||His/Lat: 97.1%, White: 1.6%, |
Afr. Amer: 0.4%
|$35,107||73.0%||Community Development Corporation, Fire, Police, American Red Cross, Head Start, Salvation Army, Chamber of Commerce|
|Wilmington||53,815||His/Lat: 88.8%, White: 4.7%|
Afr. Amer: 2.7% Asian: 2.0%
|$37,277||60.4%||Tzu Chi Clinic, Hubbard Christian Center, Chamber of Commerce, American Red Cross, G.A.P. (Gang Alternative Program), Veterans of Foreign Wars, The Wilmington Teen Center, Philips 66 Refinery, Women of Wilmington, Port Police|
|Quartz Hill||10,912||His/Lat: 24.6%, White: 62.3%, Afr. Amer: 6.9%, Asian: 2.6%||$56,070||30.4%||Town Committee, Fire, Sheriff’s Department, County School District, Water Board, CERT|
|San Fernando||23,645||His/Lat: 92.5%, White: 5.3%, Afr. Amer: 0.6%, Asian 0.8%||$52,021||45.5%||City Parks and Recreation, State University Police Services, Valley Care Health System, Mission Community Hospital, Partners in Care Foundation, Police, Public Works, Providence Health Services|
|San Gabriel||39,718||His/Lat: 25.7%, White: 11.4%, Afr. Amer: 0.8%, Asian: 60.4%||$57,666||50.8%||La Casa de San Gabriel Community Center, Asian Youth Center, Fire, Hope Christian Fellowship, First Presbyterian, St. Anthony’s, Church of our Savior|
Afr. Amer: 7.6%
|$31,415||96.0%||Neighborhood Committees, Hollywood United (H.U.N.K.), United Methodist Church, American Red Cross|
|Palms||57,964||His/Lat: 29.7%, White: 36.8%, Afr. Amer:10.1%,|
|$60,728||78.8%||Fire, Police Department, American Red Cross, Community Police Advisory Board (CPAB)|
|Compton||96,455||His/Lat: 65.0%, White: 0.8%,|
|$43,311||44.8%||PACRED churches, Sheriff’s Department, Compton Unified School District, Compton Office of Emergency Management, YWCA.|
|Hawaiian Gardens||14,254||His/Lat: 77.2%, White: 7.3%,|
Afr. Amer: 3.4%, Asian: 10.5%
|$42,898||55.7%||Emmanuel Church, Celebration Christian Center, Fire Department, City of Hawaiian Gardens, School District, City Committeeman|
|Gardena||58,829||His/Lat: 37.7%, White: 9.3%,|
Afr. Amer: 23.9% Asian: 25.8%
|$46,961||52.1%||South Bay Coalition for the Homeless, Police Department, CERT, Asian Community Center, Baptist Church|
|Toolkit Section||Description (and Levers Addressed in Section)|
|Psychological First Aid||Psychological First Aid is designed to reduce disaster-induced stress by prompt provision of social support, linkage to resources, and promotion of effective coping strategies and coping self-efficacy. |
(Levers: Education, Self-Sufficiency)
|Community Mapping||Community mapping is a process to identify resources and develop connections among people and their local organizations. There are several options for engaging in this process that vary in their use of technology, scope, and scalability. An aspect of the community mapping activity is helping communities consider access and functional needs populations. |
(Levers: Education, Self-Sufficiency, Engagement)
|Community Engagement Principles for CR||A set of community engagement principles are applied to CR building initiatives and are applicable to responder agencies, community and faith-based organizations, community leaders and stakeholders, and community members. |
(Levers: Education, Self-Sufficiency, Engagement, Organizational Partnerships)
|How to Identify and Develop Community Leaders||This section provides supports for communities to have effective leadership for CR. |
(Levers: Engagement, Organizational Partnerships)
|Training Community Field Workers||Guidelines and resources for CR field workers, including nurses, school staff, and lay community health workers to support CR in communities. Includes a curricula on disaster preparedness. |
(Levers: Education, Self-Sufficiency, Engagement)
|Thinking about Your Community’s Plan Overall, Please Answer the Following Questions:|
|Priority Vulnerable Community Members (Levers addressed: Engagement, Organizational Partnerships)|
Who are your most vulnerable community members?
What mapping tool or other processes are you using to identify those vulnerable community members and where they are concentrated?
What are the limitations these vulnerable community members have in either mobility, communications or resources that make them particularly vulnerable in a disaster?
How are you including those vulnerable members in your planning process? (Planning “with” not “for” them.)
What are the assets, resources, and networks that vulnerable community members already have and how are you using them in your resilience plan?
|Understanding Your Community (Levers addressed: Engagement, Organizational Partnerships, Self-Sufficiency)|
What mapping tool or other process are you using to identify the hazards in your community?
What mapping tool or other process are you using to identify your community’s resources?
How are you using the information you collected to get your neighbors and your community prepared, ready to respond, and able to recover from a disaster or emergency?
How are you encouraging neighbor to neighbor discussion or planning to support one another in a disaster or emergency?
|Important Sectors in your Community (Levers addressed: Engagement, Organizational Partnerships, Self-Sufficiency)|
How are you getting organizations and agencies from the CDC 11 sectors involved in the coalition?
List the types of organizations you’ve identified (those you already have, those you wish to still bring onboard)?
What roles do they play in the coalition (i.e., leading or supporting activities)?
How are you using the services and resources that these organizations and agencies bring in your community?
How are you coordinating the work of first responders and community members to avoid overlap and keep information flowing and lines of communication open?
|Recovery (Levers addressed: Organizational Partnerships, Self-Sufficiency)|
How are you planning to help families, neighborhoods, and the community as a whole recover?
How will organizations and agencies in your community continue to help their current clients as well as the wider community, too?
How are organizations and agencies in your community involved in planning for the recovery process?
3.1. Organizational Network Analysis
3.2. PHRETS Household Survey
3.3. Table-Top Exercise
3.4. Process Evaluation
4. Discussion and Conclusions
Conflicts of Interest
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© 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Eisenman, D.; Chandra, A.; Fogleman, S.; Magana, A.; Hendricks, A.; Wells, K.; Williams, M.; Tang, J.; Plough, A. The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project — A Community-Level, Public Health Initiative to Build Community Disaster Resilience. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8475-8490. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808475
Eisenman D, Chandra A, Fogleman S, Magana A, Hendricks A, Wells K, Williams M, Tang J, Plough A. The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project — A Community-Level, Public Health Initiative to Build Community Disaster Resilience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(8):8475-8490. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808475Chicago/Turabian Style
Eisenman, David, Anita Chandra, Stella Fogleman, Aizita Magana, Astrid Hendricks, Ken Wells, Malcolm Williams, Jennifer Tang, and Alonzo Plough. 2014. "The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project — A Community-Level, Public Health Initiative to Build Community Disaster Resilience" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11, no. 8: 8475-8490. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808475