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Climate Change and Cerebrospinal Meningitis in the Ghanaian Meningitis Belt

Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 96, Legon, Ghana
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(7), 6923-6939; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110706923
Received: 19 April 2014 / Revised: 19 June 2014 / Accepted: 24 June 2014 / Published: 7 July 2014
Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) is one of the infectious diseases likely to be affected by climate change. Although there are a few studies on the climate change-CSM nexus, none has considered perceptions of community members. However, understanding public perception in relation to a phenomenon is very significant for the design of effective communication and mitigation strategies as well as coping and adaptation strategies. This paper uses focus group discussions (FGDs) to fill this knowledge lacuna. Results show that although a few elderly participants ascribed fatal causes (disobedience to gods, ancestors, and evil spirits) to CSM infections during FGDs, majority of participants rightly linked CSM infections to dry, very hot and dusty conditions experienced during the dry season. Finally, community members use a suite of adaptation options to curb future CSM epidemics. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; cerebrospinal meningitis; adaptation; meningitis belt; Ghana climate change; cerebrospinal meningitis; adaptation; meningitis belt; Ghana
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Codjoe, S.N.A.; Nabie, V.A. Climate Change and Cerebrospinal Meningitis in the Ghanaian Meningitis Belt. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 6923-6939.

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