Next Article in Journal
Global Research on Smoking and Pregnancy—A Scientometric and Gender Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Alcoholism Risk Reduction in France: A Modernised Approach Related to Alcohol Misuse Disorders
Previous Article in Journal
Is Hunting Still Healthy? Understanding the Interrelationships between Indigenous Participation in Land-Based Practices and Human-Environmental Health
Previous Article in Special Issue
Anthropometric and Health-Related Behavioral Factors in the Explanation of Social Inequalities in Low Birth Weight in Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Open AccessArticle

Assessing Alcohol Dependence in Hospitalized Patients

Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo School of Medicine, Rua Prof. Ascendino Reis 763, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(6), 5783-5791;
Received: 10 December 2013 / Revised: 6 April 2014 / Accepted: 29 April 2014 / Published: 28 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Abuse: Newer Approaches to an Old Problem)
Alcohol misuse is generally not detected in hospital settings. The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence in hospitalized patients in a university hospital in Sao Paulo (Brazil). Patients were randomly selected from all hospital admissions. The final sample consisted of 169 adult inpatients. Two screening tools were used: the Short Alcohol Dependence Data (SADD) and the CAGE questionnaires. In this sample, 25.4% of patients could be considered alcohol dependent according to the CAGE questionnaire, whereas 32.9% of patients fulfilled the criteria according to the SADD. The only predictor of alcohol dependence was gender; male inpatients were 3.2 times more prone to alcohol dependence with female inpatients. All inpatients should be systematically screened for alcohol use disorders. The choice of the screening tool will depend on whether the goal is to identify inpatients with hazardous drinking behaviors or with established alcohol-related problems. To maximize proper case identification, the CAGE questionnaire should be used as a first-step screening tool, and patients who screen positive on this scale should be subsequently administered the SADD questionnaire to assess the severity of the condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; assessment; general hospital alcohol; assessment; general hospital
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Doering-Silveira, J.; Fidalgo, T.M.; Nascimento, C.L.E.S.; Alves, J.B.; Seito, C.L.; Saita, M.C.; Belluzzi, L.O.; Silva, L.C.; Silveira, D.; Rosa-Oliveira, L. Assessing Alcohol Dependence in Hospitalized Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 5783-5791.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop