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Determinants of Sedentary Behavior, Motivation, Barriers and Strategies to Reduce Sitting Time in Older Women: A Qualitative Investigation

Institute of Applied Health Research, School of Health and Life Science, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(1), 773-791;
Received: 11 October 2013 / Revised: 11 December 2013 / Accepted: 19 December 2013 / Published: 7 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care for Old People)
PDF [545 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


Sedentary behavior defined as time spent non-exercising seated or reclining posture has been identified has a health risk and associated with frailty and disablement for older adults. Older adults are the most sedentary segment of society. To date no study has investigated the determinants of sedentary behavior in older adults. This study reports a qualitative investigation of the determinants of sedentary behavior, strategies and motivator to reduce sitting time by structured interviews in a group of community dwelling older women (N = 11, age 65 and over). Older women expressed the view that their sedentary behavior is mostly determined by pain which acts both as an incentive to sit and a motivator to stand up, lack of energy in the afternoon, pressure from direct social circle to sit and rest, societal and environmental typecasting that older adult are meant to sit, lack of environmental facilities to allow activity pacing. This qualitative investigation highlighted some factors that older adults consider determinants of their sedentary behavior. Some are identical to those affecting physical activity (self-efficacy, functional limitations, ageist stereotyping) but some appear specific to sedentary behavior (locus of control, pain) and should be further investigated and considered during intervention design. Tailored interventions that pay attention to the pattern of sedentary behavior of individuals appear to be supported by the views of older women on their sedentary behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: sitting; frailty; ageism; physical activity; intervention sitting; frailty; ageism; physical activity; intervention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Chastin, S.F.M.; Fitzpatrick, N.; Andrews, M.; DiCroce, N. Determinants of Sedentary Behavior, Motivation, Barriers and Strategies to Reduce Sitting Time in Older Women: A Qualitative Investigation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 773-791.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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