Next Article in Journal
Early Childhood Caries and Body Mass Index in Young Children from Low Income Families
Next Article in Special Issue
A Multi-Site Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice of Child-Dog Interactions in Rural China
Previous Article in Journal
Asellus aquaticus as a Potential Carrier of Escherichia coli and Other Coliform Bacteria into Drinking Water Distribution Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characteristics and Trends of Hospitalized Pediatric Abuse Head Trauma in Wuhan, China: 2002–2011
Article

Correlates of Unsupervised Bathing of Infants: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC-University Medical Center, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
2
Consumer Safety Institute, P.O. Box 75169, Amsterdam 1070 AD, The Netherlands
3
Dutch Association for Youth Health Care Physicians, Churchillaan 11, Utrecht 3527 GV, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(3), 856-866; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10030856
Received: 10 January 2013 / Revised: 25 February 2013 / Accepted: 25 February 2013 / Published: 4 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Injury Prevention)
Drowning represents the third leading cause of fatal unintentional injury in infants (0–1 years). The aim of this study is to investigate correlates of unsupervised bathing. This cross-sectional study included 1,410 parents with an infant. Parents completed a questionnaire regarding supervision during bathing, socio-demographic factors, and Protection Motivation Theory-constructs. To determine correlates of parents who leave their infant unsupervised, logistic regression analyses were performed. Of the parents, 6.2% left their child unsupervised in the bathtub. Parents with older children (OR 1.24; 95%CI 1.00–1.54) were more likely to leave their child unsupervised in the bathtub. First-time parents (OR 0.59; 95%CI 0.36–0.97) and non-Western migrant fathers (OR 0.18; 95%CI 0.05–0.63) were less likely to leave their child unsupervised in the bathtub. Furthermore, parents who perceived higher self-efficacy (OR 0.57; 95%CI 0.47–0.69), higher response efficacy (OR 0.34; 95%CI 0.24–0.48), and higher severity (OR 0.74; 95%CI 0.58–0.93) were less likely to leave their child unsupervised. Since young children are at great risk of drowning if supervision is absent, effective strategies for drowning prevention should be developed and evaluated. In the meantime, health care professionals should inform parents with regard to the importance of supervision during bathing. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; supervision; bathing; drowning; safety children; supervision; bathing; drowning; safety
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Van Beelen, M.E.J.; Van Beeck, E.F.; Den Hertog, P.; Beirens, T.M.J.; Raat, H. Correlates of Unsupervised Bathing of Infants: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 856-866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10030856

AMA Style

Van Beelen MEJ, Van Beeck EF, Den Hertog P, Beirens TMJ, Raat H. Correlates of Unsupervised Bathing of Infants: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(3):856-866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10030856

Chicago/Turabian Style

Van Beelen, Mirjam E.J., Eduard F. Van Beeck, Paul Den Hertog, Tinneke M.J. Beirens, and Hein Raat. 2013. "Correlates of Unsupervised Bathing of Infants: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, no. 3: 856-866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10030856

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop