Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth
2.1. Study Design
2.3. Survey Protocol
3.2. Prevalence of Smoking Behaviour among ORA and Non-Aboriginal Youth Over Time
|2004 (n = 23,362)||2006 (n = 34,050)||2008 (n = 31,249)|
|Aboriginal a||Non-Aboriginal a||Chi-Square||Aboriginal a||Non-Aboriginal a||Chi-Square||Aboriginal a||Non-Aboriginal a||Chi-Square|
|Male||54.2||50.9||Х2 = 4.00 (1), p = 0.05||52.9||50.9||Х2 = 4.00 (1), p = 0.05||52.4||50.7||Х2 = 2.51 (1), p = 0.11|
|6||24.7||24.0||Х2 = 22.9 (3), p < 0.001||23.4||21.8||Х2 = 8.92 (3), p = 0.03||23.1||22.9||Х2 = 5.49 (3), p = 0.14|
|$0||23.9||21.9||Х2 = 42.9 (3), p < 0.001||13.4||19.1||Х2 = 104.4 (3), p < 0.001||17.5||23.2||Х2 = 146.75 (3), p < 0.001|
|$1 to $20||37.4||46.9||50.2||49.0||40.4||44.4|
|$21 or more||26.7||19.3||27.6||20.8||29.3||18.9|
3.3. Testing the Differences in Smoking Behaviour among ORA and Non-Aboriginal Youth
|Adjusted odds ratio* (95% CI)|
|Model 1||Model 2||Model 3|
|Parameters||Current smoking vs. Non-smoking||Susceptibility to future smoking vs. Non-Susceptible †||Ever made a quit attempt vs. Never made a quit attempt ‡|
|Female||0.87 (0.80 to 0.95) ||||0.97 (0.94 to 1.01)||1.91 (1.56 to 2.33) ¶|
|7||5.30 (3.64 to 7.71) ¶||1.21 (1.15 to 1.27) ¶||1.47 (0.58 to 3.76)|
|8||12.77 (8.86 to 18.41) ¶||1.26 (1.19 to 1.33) ¶||1.35 (0.54 to 3.35)|
|9||22.77 (15.80 to 32.83) ¶||1.09 (1.02 to 1.17) §||1.22 (0.49 to 3.03)|
|Weekly Spending Money|
|$1 to $20||1.78 (1.52 to 2.09) ¶||1.12 (1.08 to 1.17) ¶||1.65 (1.15 to 2.37) |||
|$21 or more||3.80 (3.25 to 4.44) ¶||1.43 (1.35 to 1.51) ¶||1.07 (0.75 to 1.52)|
|Don’t know||2.05 (1.70 to 2.48) ¶||1.08 (1.02 to 1.15) §||1.63 (1.04 to 2.54) §|
|2006||1.24 (0.97 to 1.59)||0.78 (0.72 to 0.86) ¶||0.95 (0.58 to 1.55)|
|2008||1.54 (1.20 to 1.99) ¶||0.79 (0.72 to 0.87) ¶||0.91 (0.55 to 1.49)|
|Aboriginal||3.91 (3.47 to 4.41) ¶||1.37 (1.27 to 1.48) ¶||0.74 (0.57 to 0.96) §|
Conflict of Interest
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Elton-Marshall, T.; Leatherdale, S.T.; Burkhalter, R.; Brown, K.S. Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 729-741. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10020729
Elton-Marshall T, Leatherdale ST, Burkhalter R, Brown KS. Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(2):729-741. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10020729Chicago/Turabian Style
Elton-Marshall, Tara, Scott T. Leatherdale, Robin Burkhalter, and K. Stephen Brown. 2013. "Changes in Tobacco Use, Susceptibility to Future Smoking, and Quit Attempts among Canadian Youth over Time: A Comparison of Off-Reserve Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Youth" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, no. 2: 729-741. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10020729