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The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences
University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, Ribeirão Preto 14040-902, Brazil
Institute of Education, University of Minho, Braga 4710-057, Portugal
Institute of Biomedical Science Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4050-313, Portugal
Bragança Sub-Health Region, Bragança 3501-862, Portugal
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 October 2013; in revised form: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 21 November 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013
Abstract: This exploratory and cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of bullying in a group of students and analyze the data regarding the gender of those involved in the violence. A questionnaire adapted from Olweus was applied in seven elementary education schools in Portugal. The sample consisted of 387 students between 7 and 14 years old. Data are presented in terms of descriptive statistics and differences between proportions were analyzed using chi-square tests. The gender analysis of victimization and aggression shows that boys and girls are both victims and aggressors, and there are significant differences in involvement in bullying between genders and the roles played. Boys are victims more often when considering different types of bullying, although significant differences were only found for physical aggression. Strategies that include gender roles are a priority for prevention and careful attention to this phenomenon in the school context. The questions addressed contribute to a broader understanding of the phenomenon, emphasizing the differential participation of boys and girls in bullying.
Keywords: school health services; bullying; public health
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Iossi Silva, M.A.; Pereira, B.; Mendonça, D.; Nunes, B.; Oliveira, W.A. The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6820-6831.
Iossi Silva MA, Pereira B, Mendonça D, Nunes B, Oliveira WA. The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6820-6831.
Iossi Silva, Marta A.; Pereira, Beatriz; Mendonça, Denisa; Nunes, Berta; Oliveira, Wanderlei A. 2013. "The Involvement of Girls and Boys with Bullying: An Analysis of Gender Differences." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6820-6831.