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Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs
Food & Feed Safety Research Unit, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2013; in revised form: 8 November 2013 / Accepted: 9 November 2013 / Published: 26 November 2013
Abstract: Campylobacter species are a leading cause of bacterial-derived foodborne illnesses worldwide. The emergence of this bacterial group as a significant causative agent of human disease and their propensity to carry antibiotic resistance elements that allows them to resist antibacterial therapy make them a serious public health threat. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are considered to be the most important enteropathogens of this genus and their ability to colonize and survive in a wide variety of animal species and habitats make them extremely difficult to control. This article reviews the historical and emerging importance of this bacterial group and addresses aspects of the human infections they cause, their metabolism and pathogenesis, and their natural reservoirs in order to address the need for appropriate food safety regulations and interventions.
Keywords: Campylobacter coli; Campylobacter jejuni; diarrhea; foodborne pathogen; Guillain Barré syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style
Epps, S.V.R.; Harvey, R.B.; Hume, M.E.; Phillips, T.D.; Anderson, R.C.; Nisbet, D.J. Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6292-6304.
Epps SVR, Harvey RB, Hume ME, Phillips TD, Anderson RC, Nisbet DJ. Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6292-6304.
Epps, Sharon V.R.; Harvey, Roger B.; Hume, Michael E.; Phillips, Timothy D.; Anderson, Robin C.; Nisbet, David J. 2013. "Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6292-6304.