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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6292-6304; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126292
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Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs

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1 Food & Feed Safety Research Unit, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 2881 F&B Road, College Station, TX 77845, USA 2 Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2013 / Revised: 8 November 2013 / Accepted: 9 November 2013 / Published: 26 November 2013
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Abstract

Campylobacter species are a leading cause of bacterial-derived foodborne illnesses worldwide. The emergence of this bacterial group as a significant causative agent of human disease and their propensity to carry antibiotic resistance elements that allows them to resist antibacterial therapy make them a serious public health threat. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are considered to be the most important enteropathogens of this genus and their ability to colonize and survive in a wide variety of animal species and habitats make them extremely difficult to control. This article reviews the historical and emerging importance of this bacterial group and addresses aspects of the human infections they cause, their metabolism and pathogenesis, and their natural reservoirs in order to address the need for appropriate food safety regulations and interventions.
Keywords: Campylobacter coli; Campylobacter jejuni; diarrhea; foodborne pathogen; Guillain Barré syndrome Campylobacter coli; Campylobacter jejuni; diarrhea; foodborne pathogen; Guillain Barré syndrome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Epps, S.V.R.; Harvey, R.B.; Hume, M.E.; Phillips, T.D.; Anderson, R.C.; Nisbet, D.J. Foodborne Campylobacter: Infections, Metabolism, Pathogenesis and Reservoirs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6292-6304.

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