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Review

Fish Waste: From Problem to Valuable Resource

1
Department of Marine Biotechnology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
2
Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (IBBC), National Research Council, Via Pietro Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Concetta Messina and Andrea Santulli
Mar. Drugs 2021, 19(2), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/md19020116
Received: 22 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 19 February 2021
Following the growth of the global population and the subsequent rapid increase in urbanization and industrialization, the fisheries and aquaculture production has seen a massive increase driven mainly by the development of fishing technologies. Accordingly, a remarkable increase in the amount of fish waste has been produced around the world; it has been estimated that about two-thirds of the total amount of fish is discarded as waste, creating huge economic and environmental concerns. For this reason, the disposal and recycling of these wastes has become a key issue to be resolved. With the growing attention of the circular economy, the exploitation of underused or discarded marine material can represent a sustainable strategy for the realization of a circular bioeconomy, with the production of materials with high added value. In this study, we underline the enormous role that fish waste can have in the socio-economic sector. This review presents the different compounds with high commercial value obtained by fish byproducts, including collagen, enzymes, and bioactive peptides, and lists their possible applications in different fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish waste; fish byproduct valorization; marine sustainable sources; collagen; bioactive peptides; chitin; oil; enzymes fish waste; fish byproduct valorization; marine sustainable sources; collagen; bioactive peptides; chitin; oil; enzymes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coppola, D.; Lauritano, C.; Palma Esposito, F.; Riccio, G.; Rizzo, C.; de Pascale, D. Fish Waste: From Problem to Valuable Resource. Mar. Drugs 2021, 19, 116. https://doi.org/10.3390/md19020116

AMA Style

Coppola D, Lauritano C, Palma Esposito F, Riccio G, Rizzo C, de Pascale D. Fish Waste: From Problem to Valuable Resource. Marine Drugs. 2021; 19(2):116. https://doi.org/10.3390/md19020116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coppola, Daniela, Chiara Lauritano, Fortunato Palma Esposito, Gennaro Riccio, Carmen Rizzo, and Donatella de Pascale. 2021. "Fish Waste: From Problem to Valuable Resource" Marine Drugs 19, no. 2: 116. https://doi.org/10.3390/md19020116

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