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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Thuwalallenes A–E and Thuwalenynes A–C: New C15 Acetogenins with Anti-Inflammatory Activity from a Saudi Arabian Red Sea Laurencia sp.

1
Section of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, Department of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15771 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
3
Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
4
Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, FORTH, 71110 Heraklion, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Section of Plant Biochemistry, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(11), 644; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17110644
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 15 November 2019
Thuwalallenes A–E (13, 5 and 8) and thuwalenynes A–C (4, 6, 7), new C15 acetogenins featuring uncommon ring systems, along with cis-maneonene D (9), thyrsiferol (10) and 23-acetyl-thyrsiferol (11) were isolated from the organic extract of a population of the red alga Laurencia sp., collected at Rose Reef off the village of Thuwal in the Red Sea waters of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The structure elucidation of the isolated natural products was based on extensive analysis of their spectroscopic data. Compounds 16, 8, 10 and 11 were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity by quantifying nitric oxide (NO) release in response to TLR4 stimulation in macrophages. Besides compound 4 that did not exhibit any activity, all other tested metabolites inhibited NO production from activated macrophages. Among them, thyrsiferol (10) and 23-acetylthyrsiferol (11) displayed activity with IC50 values in the low nM scale without cytotoxicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Laurencia; acetogenins; anti-inflammatory activity; thuwalallene; thuwalenyne Laurencia; acetogenins; anti-inflammatory activity; thuwalallene; thuwalenyne
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Koutsaviti, A.; Daskalaki, M.G.; Agusti, S.; Kampranis, S.C.; Tsatsanis, C.; Duarte, C.M.; Roussis, V.; Ioannou, E. Thuwalallenes A–E and Thuwalenynes A–C: New C15 Acetogenins with Anti-Inflammatory Activity from a Saudi Arabian Red Sea Laurencia sp.. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 644.

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