Echinochrome A Improves Exercise Capacity during Short-Term Endurance Training in Rats
AbstractEchinochrome A (Echi A) improves mitochondrial function in the heart; however, its effects on skeletal muscle are still unclear. We hypothesized that Echi A administration during short-term exercise may improve exercise capacity. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following groups: control group (CG), Echi A-treated group (EG), aerobic exercise group (AG), and aerobic exercise treated with Echi A group (AEG) (n = 6 per group). Echi A was administered intra-peritoneally (0.1 mg/kg of Echi A in 300 µL phosphate-buffered saline) daily 30 min before each exercise training. The AG and AEG groups performed treadmill running (20 m/min, 60 min/day) five days/week for two weeks. The exercise capacity was significantly higher in the AG and AEG groups compared to other groups. Interestingly, the exercise capacity increased more effectively in the AEG group. The body weight in the EG tended to be slightly lower than that in the other groups. There were no significant changes in the plasma lipids among the groups. However, the gastrocnemius muscle mitochondria content was greater in the EG and AEG groups. These findings show that Echi A administration after short-term endurance training enhances exercise capacity, which was associated with an increase in skeletal muscle mitochondrial content. View Full-Text
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Seo, D.Y.; McGregor, R.A.; Noh, S.J.; Choi, S.J.; Mishchenko, N.P.; Fedoreyev, S.A.; Stonik, V.A.; Han, J. Echinochrome A Improves Exercise Capacity during Short-Term Endurance Training in Rats. Mar. Drugs 2015, 13, 5722-5731.
Seo DY, McGregor RA, Noh SJ, Choi SJ, Mishchenko NP, Fedoreyev SA, Stonik VA, Han J. Echinochrome A Improves Exercise Capacity during Short-Term Endurance Training in Rats. Marine Drugs. 2015; 13(9):5722-5731.Chicago/Turabian Style
Seo, Dae Y.; McGregor, Robin A.; Noh, Su J.; Choi, Seung J.; Mishchenko, Natalia P.; Fedoreyev, Sergey A.; Stonik, Valentin A.; Han, Jin. 2015. "Echinochrome A Improves Exercise Capacity during Short-Term Endurance Training in Rats." Mar. Drugs 13, no. 9: 5722-5731.