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Sensors 2007, 7(12), 3084-3099;

Animals as Mobile Biological Sensors for Forest Fire Detection

Izmir University of Economics, Department of Software Engineering, Izmir, Turkey
Received: 7 November 2007 / Accepted: 3 December 2007 / Published: 4 December 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Disaster and Emergency Management Decision Making)
Full-Text   |   PDF [780 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


This paper proposes a mobile biological sensor system that can assist in earlydetection of forest fires one of the most dreaded natural disasters on the earth. The main ideapresented in this paper is to utilize animals with sensors as Mobile Biological Sensors(MBS). The devices used in this system are animals which are native animals living inforests, sensors (thermo and radiation sensors with GPS features) that measure thetemperature and transmit the location of the MBS, access points for wireless communicationand a central computer system which classifies of animal actions. The system offers twodifferent methods, firstly: access points continuously receive data about animals’ locationusing GPS at certain time intervals and the gathered data is then classified and checked tosee if there is a sudden movement (panic) of the animal groups: this method is called animalbehavior classification (ABC). The second method can be defined as thermal detection(TD): the access points get the temperature values from the MBS devices and send the datato a central computer to check for instant changes in the temperatures. This system may beused for many purposes other than fire detection, namely animal tracking, poachingprevention and detecting instantaneous animal death. View Full-Text
Keywords: Forest fire detection; Biological sensors; Mobile sensors; Animal tracking Forest fire detection; Biological sensors; Mobile sensors; Animal tracking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Sahin, Y.G. Animals as Mobile Biological Sensors for Forest Fire Detection. Sensors 2007, 7, 3084-3099.

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