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Article

Energy-Efficient Clustering Multi-Hop Routing Protocol in a UWSN

1
Department of Telecommunications, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 708 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications, Sai Gon University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2021, 21(2), 627; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020627
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 18 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Sensor Technologies for IoT)
Underwater wireless sensor networks are currently seeing broad research in various applications for human benefits. Large numbers of sensor nodes are being deployed in rivers and oceans to monitor the underwater environment. In the paper, we propose an energy-efficient clustering multi-hop routing protocol (EECMR) which can balance the energy consumption of these nodes and increase their network lifetime. The network area is divided into layers with regard to the depth level. The data sensed by the nodes are transmitted to a sink via a multi-hop routing path. The cluster head is selected according to the depth of the node and its residual energy. To transmit data from the node to the sink, the cluster head aggregates the data packet of all cluster members and then forwards them to the upper layer of the sink node. The simulation results show that EECMR is effective in terms of network lifetime and the nodes’ energy consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater wireless sensor network; energy-efficient; clustering; depth-based routing underwater wireless sensor network; energy-efficient; clustering; depth-based routing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, N.-T.; Le, T.T.T.; Nguyen, H.-H.; Voznak, M. Energy-Efficient Clustering Multi-Hop Routing Protocol in a UWSN. Sensors 2021, 21, 627. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020627

AMA Style

Nguyen N-T, Le TTT, Nguyen H-H, Voznak M. Energy-Efficient Clustering Multi-Hop Routing Protocol in a UWSN. Sensors. 2021; 21(2):627. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020627

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Nhat-Tien, Thien T.T. Le, Huy-Hung Nguyen, and Miroslav Voznak. 2021. "Energy-Efficient Clustering Multi-Hop Routing Protocol in a UWSN" Sensors 21, no. 2: 627. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020627

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