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Open AccessArticle

Ambient Effect Filtering Using NLPCA-SVR in High-Rise Buildings

1
School of Civil Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, SAR, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(4), 1143; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20041143
Received: 17 January 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2020 / Accepted: 17 February 2020 / Published: 19 February 2020
The modal frequencies of a structure are affected by continuous changes in ambient factors, such as temperature, wind speed etc. This study incorporates nonlinear principal component analysis (NLPCA) with support vector regression (SVR) to build a mathematical model to reflect the correlation between ambient factors and modal frequencies. NLPCA is first used to eliminate the high correlation among different ambient factors and extract the nonlinear principal components. The extracted nonlinear principal components are input into the SVR model for training and predicting. The proposed method is verified by the measured data provided in the Guangzhou New TV Tower (GNTVT) Benchmark. The grid search method (GSM), genetic algorithm (GA) and fruit fly optimization algorithm (FOA) are applied to determine the optimal hyperparameters for the SVR model. The optimized result of FOA is most suitable for the NLPCA-SVR model. As evaluated by the hypothesis test and goodness-of-fit test, the results show that the proposed method has a high generalization performance and the correlation between the ambient factor and modal frequency can be strongly reflected. The proposed method can effectively eliminate the effects of ambient factors on modal frequencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambient effects; modal frequency; Guangzhou New TV Tower; nonlinear principal component analysis; support vector regression ambient effects; modal frequency; Guangzhou New TV Tower; nonlinear principal component analysis; support vector regression
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Ye, X.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, L.; Mei, L.; Zhou, Y. Ambient Effect Filtering Using NLPCA-SVR in High-Rise Buildings. Sensors 2020, 20, 1143.

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