With the ongoing developments in laser scanning technology, applications for describing tunnel deformation using rich point cloud data have become a significant topic of investigation. This study describes the independently developed a mobile tunnel monitoring system called the second version of Tunnel Scan developed by Capital Normal University (CNU-TS-2) for data acquisition, which has an electric system to control its forward speed and is compatible with various laser scanners such as the Faro and Leica models. A comparison with corresponding data acquired by total station data demonstrates that the data collected by CNU-TS-2 is accurate. Following data acquisition, the overall and local deformation of the tunnel is determined by denoising and 360° deformation analysis of the point cloud data. To enhance the expression of the analysis results, this study proposes an expansion of the tunnel point cloud data into a two-dimensional image via cylindrical projection, followed by an expression of the tunnel deformation through color difference to visualize the deformation. Compared with the three-dimensional modeling method of visualization, this method is easier to implement and facilitates storage. In addition, it is conducive to the performance of comprehensive analysis of problems such as water leakage in the tunnel, thereby achieving the effect of multiple uses for a single image.
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