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Open AccessArticle

DYSKIMOT: An Ultra-Low-Cost Inertial Sensor to Assess Head’s Rotational Kinematics in Adults during the Didren-Laser Test

1
Laboratoire NMSK, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
2
CeREF, Chaussée de Binche 159, 7000 Mons, Belgium
3
Centre National de Rééducation Fonctionnelle et de Réadaptation—Rehazenter, Laboratoire d’Analyse du Mouvement et de la Posture (LAMP), 2674 Luxembourg, Luxembourg
4
Service de Physique Nucléaire et Subnucléaire, UMONS, Research Institute for Complex Systems, 20 Place du Parc, 7000 Mons, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(3), 833; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20030833
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low-Cost Sensors and Biological Signals)
Various noninvasive measurement devices can be used to assess cervical motion. The size, complexity, and cost of gold-standard systems make them not suited to clinical practice, and actually difficult to use outside a dedicated laboratory. Nowadays, ultra-low-cost inertial measurement units are available, but without any packaging or a user-friendly interface. The so-called DYSKIMOT is a home-designed, small-sized, motion sensor based on the latter technology, aiming at being used by clinicians in “real-life situations”. DYSKIMOT was compared with a gold-standard optoelectronic system (Elite). Our goal was to evaluate the DYSKIMOT accuracy in assessing fast head rotations kinematics. Kinematics was simultaneously recorded by systems during the execution of the DidRen Laser test and performed by 15 participants and nine patients. Kinematic variables were computed from the position, speed and acceleration time series. Two-way ANOVA, Passing–Bablok regressions, and dynamic time warping analysis showed good to excellent agreement between Elite and DYSKIMOT, both at the qualitative level of the time series shape and at the quantitative level of peculiar kinematical events’ measured values. In conclusion, DYSKIMOT sensor is as relevant as a gold-standard system to assess kinematical features during fast head rotations in participants and patients, demonstrating its usefulness in both clinical practice and research environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: inertial sensor; kinematics; head rotation; ecological research inertial sensor; kinematics; head rotation; ecological research
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hage, R.; Detrembleur, C.; Dierick, F.; Pitance, L.; Jojczyk, L.; Estievenart, W.; Buisseret, F. DYSKIMOT: An Ultra-Low-Cost Inertial Sensor to Assess Head’s Rotational Kinematics in Adults during the Didren-Laser Test. Sensors 2020, 20, 833.

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