Celestial navigation is required to improve the long-term accuracy preservation capability of near space vehicles. However, it takes a long time for traditional celestial navigation methods to identify the star map, which limits the improvement of the dynamic response ability. Meanwhile, the aero-optical effects caused by the near space environment can lead to the colorization of measurement noise, which affects the accuracy of the integrated navigation filter. In this paper, an INS/CNS deeply integrated navigation method, which includes a deeply integrated model and a second-order state augmented H-infinity filter, is proposed to solve these problems. The INS/CNS deeply integrated navigation model optimizes the attitude based on the gray image error function, which can estimate the attitude without star identification. The second-order state augmented H-infinity filter uses the state augmentation algorithm to whiten the measurement noise caused by the aero-optical effect, which can effectively improve the estimation accuracy of the H-infinity filter in the near space environment. Simulation results show that the proposed INS/CNS deeply integrated navigation method can reduce the computational cost by 50%, while the attitude accuracy is kept within 10” (3
). The attitude root mean square of the second-order state augmented H-infinity filter does not exceed 5”, even when the parameter error increases to 50%, in the near space environment. Therefore, the INS/CNS deeply integrated navigation method can effectively improve the rapid response ability of the navigation system and the filtering accuracy in the near space environment, providing a reference for the future design of near space vehicle navigation systems.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited