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Improved Diver Communication System by Combining Optical and Electromagnetic Trackers

Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala 147004, India
Chief Scientist, CSIR-CSIO, Chandigarh 160030, India
Information Security Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan-si 31538, Korea
School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore 632 014, India
Department of Mechanical and Electromechanical Engineering, National ILan University, No. 1, Sec. 1, Shennong Rd., ILan 26041, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(18), 5084;
Received: 1 August 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Taiwan)
The increasing need for observation in seawater or ocean monitoring systems has ignited a considerable amount of interest and the necessity for enabling advancements in technology for underwater wireless tracking and underwater sensor networks for wireless communication. This type of communication can also play an important role in investigating ecological changes in the sea or ocean-like climate change, monitoring of biogeochemical, biological, and evolutionary changes. This can help in controlling and maintaining the production facilities of outer underwater grid blasting by deploying unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). Underwater tracking-based wireless networks can also help in maintaining communication between ships and divers, submarines, and between multiple divers. At present, the underwater acoustic communication system is unable to provide the data rate required to monitor and investigate the aquatic environment for various industrial applications like oil facilities or underwater grit blasting. To meet this challenge, an optical and magnetic tracking-based wireless communication system has been proposed as an effective alternative. Either optical or magnetic tracking-based wireless communication can be opted for according to the requirement of the potential application in sea or ocean. However, the hybrid version of optical and wireless tracking-based wireless communication can also be deployed to reduce the latency and improve the data rate for effective communication. It is concluded from the discussion that high data rate optical, magnetic or hybrid mode of wireless communication can be a feasible solution in applications like UUV-to-UUV and networks of aquatic sensors. The range of the proposed wireless communication can be extended using the concept of multihop. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic communication; electromagnetics; optics; tracking; underwater communication aquatic communication; electromagnetics; optics; tracking; underwater communication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kataria, A.; Ghosh, S.; Karar, V.; Gupta, T.; Srinivasan, K.; Hu, Y.-C. Improved Diver Communication System by Combining Optical and Electromagnetic Trackers. Sensors 2020, 20, 5084.

AMA Style

Kataria A, Ghosh S, Karar V, Gupta T, Srinivasan K, Hu Y-C. Improved Diver Communication System by Combining Optical and Electromagnetic Trackers. Sensors. 2020; 20(18):5084.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kataria, Aman, Smarajit Ghosh, Vinod Karar, Takshi Gupta, Kathiravan Srinivasan, and Yuh-Chung Hu. 2020. "Improved Diver Communication System by Combining Optical and Electromagnetic Trackers" Sensors 20, no. 18: 5084.

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