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Open AccessArticle

Relaxation-Related Piezoelectric and Dielectric Behavior of Bi(Mg,Ti)O3–PbTiO3 Ceramic

School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Heukseok-Ro 84, Seoul 06974, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(9), 2115;
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 1 May 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Structures and Materials for Sensor Applications)
Piezoelectric and dielectric materials have attracted much attention for their functional device applications. Despite its excellent piezoelectric properties, the content of lead in piezoelectric materials should be restricted to prevent future environmental problems. Therefore, reduced lead content in piezoelectric materials with similar piezoelectric properties is favorable. In our research, piezoelectric materials with decreased lead content will be studied and discussed. Even though the lead content is decreased in Bi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3–PbTiO3 ceramics, they show piezoelectric properties similar to that of lead zirconate titanate (PZT)-based materials. We believe this high piezoelectric behavior is related to the relaxation behavior of Bi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3–PbTiO3 (BMT–PT) ceramics. In this study, 0.62Bi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3–0.38PbTiO3 ceramics were prepared by the conventional sintering process. These piezoelectric ceramics were sintered at varying temperatures of 975–1100 °C. Crystallinity and structural properties were analyzed and discussed. X-ray diffraction pattern analysis demonstrated that the optimal sintering temperature was around 1075 °C. A very high Curie temperature of 447 °C was recorded for 0.62BMT–0.38PT ceramics sintered at 1075 °C. For the first time, we found that the origin of the high Curie temperature, d33, and the dielectric constant is the relaxation behavior of different dipoles in 0.62BMT–0.38PT ceramics. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric; BMT–PT; ceramic piezoelectric; BMT–PT; ceramic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, M.Y.; Ji, J.-H.; Koh, J.-H. Relaxation-Related Piezoelectric and Dielectric Behavior of Bi(Mg,Ti)O3–PbTiO3 Ceramic. Sensors 2019, 19, 2115.

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