High Spatial Resolution Simulation of Sunshine Duration over the Complex Terrain of Ghana
AbstractIn this paper, we propose a remote sensing model based on a 1 × 1 km spatial resolution to estimate the spatio-temporal distribution of sunshine percentage (SSP) and sunshine duration (SD), taking into account terrain features and atmospheric factors. To account for the influence of topography and atmospheric conditions in the model, a digital elevation model (DEM) and cloud products from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) for 2010 were incorporated into the model and subsequently validated against in situ observation data. The annual and monthly average daily total SSP and SD have been estimated based on the proposed model. The error analysis results indicate that the proposed modelled SD is in good agreement with ground-based observations. The model performance is evaluated against two classical interpolation techniques (kriging and inverse distance weighting (IDW)) based on the mean absolute error (MAE), the mean relative error (MRE) and the root-mean-square error (RMSE). The results reveal that the SD obtained from the proposed model performs better than those obtained from the two classical interpolators. This results indicate that the proposed model can reliably reflect the contribution of terrain and cloud cover in SD estimation in Ghana, and the model performance is expected to perform well in similar environmental conditions. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Adamu, M.; Qiu, X.; Shi, G.; Nooni, I.K.; Wang, D.; Zhu, X.; Hagan, D.F.T.; Lim Kam Sian, K.T. High Spatial Resolution Simulation of Sunshine Duration over the Complex Terrain of Ghana. Sensors 2019, 19, 1743.
Adamu M, Qiu X, Shi G, Nooni IK, Wang D, Zhu X, Hagan DFT, Lim Kam Sian KT. High Spatial Resolution Simulation of Sunshine Duration over the Complex Terrain of Ghana. Sensors. 2019; 19(7):1743.Chicago/Turabian Style
Adamu, Mustapha; Qiu, Xinfa; Shi, Guoping; Nooni, Isaac K.; Wang, Dandan; Zhu, Xiaochen; Hagan, Daniel F.T.; Lim Kam Sian, Kenny T. 2019. "High Spatial Resolution Simulation of Sunshine Duration over the Complex Terrain of Ghana." Sensors 19, no. 7: 1743.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.