Detection of Volatile Compounds Emitted by Bacteria in Wounds Using Gas Sensors
AbstractIn this paper we analyze an experiment for the use of low-cost gas sensors intended to detect bacteria in wounds using a non-intrusive technique. Seven different genera/species of microbes tend to be present in most wound infections. Detection of these bacteria usually requires sample and laboratory testing which is costly, inconvenient and time-consuming. The validation processes for these sensors with nineteen types of microbes (1 Candida, 2 Enterococcus, 6 Staphylococcus, 1 Aeromonas, 1 Micrococcus, 2 E. coli and 6 Pseudomonas) are presented here, in which four sensors were evaluated: TGS-826 used for ammonia and amines, MQ-3 used for alcohol detection, MQ-135 for CO2 and MQ-138 for acetone detection. Validation was undertaken by studying the behavior of the sensors at different distances and gas concentrations. Preliminary results with liquid cultures of 108 CFU/mL and solid cultures of 108 CFU/cm2 of the 6 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains revealed that the four gas sensors showed a response at a height of 5 mm. The ammonia detection response of the TGS-826 to Pseudomonas showed the highest responses for the experimental samples over the background signals, with a difference between the values of up to 60 units in the solid samples and the most consistent and constant values. This could suggest that this sensor is a good detector of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the recording made of its values could be indicative of the detection of this species. All the species revealed similar CO2 emission and a high response rate with acetone for Micrococcus, Aeromonas and Staphylococcus. View Full-Text
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Salinas Alvarez, C.; Sierra-Sosa, D.; Garcia-Zapirain, B.; Yoder-Himes, D.; Elmaghraby, A. Detection of Volatile Compounds Emitted by Bacteria in Wounds Using Gas Sensors. Sensors 2019, 19, 1523.
Salinas Alvarez C, Sierra-Sosa D, Garcia-Zapirain B, Yoder-Himes D, Elmaghraby A. Detection of Volatile Compounds Emitted by Bacteria in Wounds Using Gas Sensors. Sensors. 2019; 19(7):1523.Chicago/Turabian Style
Salinas Alvarez, Carlos; Sierra-Sosa, Daniel; Garcia-Zapirain, Begonya; Yoder-Himes, Deborah; Elmaghraby, Adel. 2019. "Detection of Volatile Compounds Emitted by Bacteria in Wounds Using Gas Sensors." Sensors 19, no. 7: 1523.
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