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Open AccessArticle

Detection of Congestive Heart Failure Based on LSTM-Based Deep Network via Short-Term RR Intervals

Automation School, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, No. 10 Xitucheng Road, Beijing 100876, China
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Sensors 2019, 19(7), 1502; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071502
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to the inadequate blood filling function of the ventricular pump and it may cause an insufficient heart discharge volume that fails to meet the needs of body metabolism. Heart rate variability (HRV) based on the RR interval is a proven effective predictor of CHF. Short-term HRV has been used widely in many healthcare applications to monitor patients’ health, especially in combination with mobile phones and smart watches. Inspired by the inception module from GoogLeNet, we combined long short-term memory (LSTM) and an Inception module for CHF detection. Five open-source databases were used for training and testing, and three RR segment length types (N = 500, 1000 and 2000) were used for the comparison with other studies. With blindfold validation, the proposed method achieved 99.22%, 98.85% and 98.92% accuracy using the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) CHF, normal sinus rhythm (NSR) and the Fantasia database (FD) databases and 82.51%, 86.68% and 87.55% accuracy using the NSR-RR and CHF-RR databases, with N = 500, 1000 and 2000 length RR interval segments, respectively. Our end-to-end system can help clinicians to detect CHF using short-term assessment of the heartbeat. It can be installed in healthcare applications to monitor the status of human heart. View Full-Text
Keywords: short-term RR intervals; congestive heart failure; deep learning; inception module short-term RR intervals; congestive heart failure; deep learning; inception module
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Wang, L.; Zhou, X. Detection of Congestive Heart Failure Based on LSTM-Based Deep Network via Short-Term RR Intervals. Sensors 2019, 19, 1502.

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