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Open AccessArticle

Towards Model-Free Tool Dynamic Identification and Calibration Using Multi-Layer Neural Network

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Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
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Department of Informatics, Technical University of Munich, 85748 Munich, Germany
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Department of GMSC, Pprime Institute, CNRS, ENSMA, University of Poitiers, UPR 3346 Poitiers, France
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BioMEx Center & KTH Mechanics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
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College of Automotive Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(17), 3636; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19173636
Received: 13 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 17 August 2019 / Published: 21 August 2019
In robot control with physical interaction, like robot-assisted surgery and bilateral teleoperation, the availability of reliable interaction force information has proved to be capable of increasing the control precision and of dealing with the surrounding complex environments. Usually, force sensors are mounted between the end effector of the robot manipulator and the tool for measuring the interaction forces on the tooltip. In this case, the force acquired from the force sensor includes not only the interaction force but also the gravity force of the tool. Hence the tool dynamic identification is required for accurate dynamic simulation and model-based control. Although model-based techniques have already been widely used in traditional robotic arms control, their accuracy is limited due to the lack of specific dynamic models. This work proposes a model-free technique for dynamic identification using multi-layer neural networks (MNN). It utilizes two types of MNN architectures based on both feed-forward networks (FF-MNN) and cascade-forward networks (CF-MNN) to model the tool dynamics. Compared with the model-based technique, i.e., curve fitting (CF), the accuracy of the tool identification is improved. After the identification and calibration, a further demonstration of bilateral teleoperation is presented using a serial robot (LWR4+, KUKA, Germany) and a haptic manipulator (SIGMA 7, Force Dimension, Switzerland). Results demonstrate the promising performance of the model-free tool identification technique using MNN, improving the results provided by model-based methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-layer neural network; model-free; calibration; tool dynamic identification multi-layer neural network; model-free; calibration; tool dynamic identification
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Su, H.; Qi, W.; Hu, Y.; Sandoval, J.; Zhang, L.; Schmirander, Y.; Chen, G.; Aliverti, A.; Knoll, A.; Ferrigno, G.; De Momi, E. Towards Model-Free Tool Dynamic Identification and Calibration Using Multi-Layer Neural Network. Sensors 2019, 19, 3636.

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