High temporal and spatial resolution profiling of aerosol properties is required to study air pollution sources, aerosol transport, and features of atmospheric structures over complex terrain. A polarization Raman LiDAR with remote operation capability was developed for this purpose and deployed in the Vipava Valley, Slovenia, a location in the Alpine region where high concentrations of aerosols originating from a number of different local and remote sources were found. The system employs two high-power Nd:YAG pulsed lasers at 355 nm and 1064 nm as transmitters and provides the capability to extract the extinction coefficient, backscatter coefficients, depolarization ratio, Ångström exponent, and LiDAR ratio profiles. Automatized remote operation in an indoor environment provides a high duty cycle in all weather conditions. In addition to the detailed description of the device, an assessment of its potential and the retrieval uncertainties of the measured quantities is discussed. System optimization and performance studies include calibration of the depolarization ratio, merging of near-range (analog) and far-range (photon counting) data, determination of overlap functions, and validation of the retrieved observables with radiosonde data. Two cases for assessing LiDAR performance under specific weather conditions (during rain and in the presence of mineral dust) are also presented.
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