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Open AccessCase Report

Quantifying Caregiver Movement when Measuring Infant Movement across a Full Day: A Case Report

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Infant Neuromotor Control Laboratory, Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar St, CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
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Motor Rehabilitation and Learning Laboratory, School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, 1151 S Forest Ave Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
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Infant Neuromotor Control Laboratory, Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy and Department of Pediatrics, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar St, CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(13), 2886; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19132886
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 26 June 2019 / Published: 29 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Wireless Sensors)
There is interest in using wearable sensors to measure infant movement patterns and physical activity, however, this approach is confounded by caregiver motion. The purpose of this study is to estimate the extent that caregiver motion confounds wearable sensor data in full-day studies of infant leg movements. We used wearable sensors to measure leg movements of a four-month-old infant across 8.5 hours, during which the infant was handled by the caregiver in a typical manner. A researcher mimicked the actions of the caregiver with a doll. We calculated 7744 left and 7107 right leg movements for the infant and 1013 left and 1115 right “leg movements” for the doll. In this case, approximately 15% of infant leg movements can be attributed to background motion of the caregiver. This case report is the first step toward removing caregiver-produced background motion from the infant wearable sensor signal. We have estimated the size of the effect and described the activities that were related to noise in the signal. Future research can characterize the noise in detail and systematically explore different methods to remove it. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatrics; acceleration; leg movement; wearable sensors; movement system pediatrics; acceleration; leg movement; wearable sensors; movement system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, J.; Schaefer, S.Y.; Smith, B.A. Quantifying Caregiver Movement when Measuring Infant Movement across a Full Day: A Case Report. Sensors 2019, 19, 2886.

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