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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the GPS Precise Orbit and Clock Corrections from MADOCA Real-Time Products

School of Geography and Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(11), 2580;
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors, Control, and Telemetry)
The Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) is a regional navigation satellite system covering the entire Asia-Oceania region. Except for the standard satellite navigation signals, QZSS satellites also broadcast L6E augmentation signals with real time GNSS precise orbit every 30 s and clock messages every 1 s, which is very important and necessary for Real-Time precise point positioning (RTPPP) applications. In this paper, the MADOCA real-time services derived from L6E augmentation signals were evaluated for both accuracy and availability compared with IGS final products. To avoid the datum difference of GPS orbit between MADOCA real-time and IGS final products, the 7-parameters Helmert transformation was firstly used in this paper, and then the orbit was evaluated on radial, along, and cross-track directions. On the clock evaluation, the mean satellites clock errors were taken as reference clock error, and then the standard deviation (STD) was calculated for each satellite. Furthermore, the signal in space range errors (SISRE) were also summarized to evaluate the ranging-measurement accuracy. Seven-day evaluation results show that satellite orbit, clock errors, and the final SISRE errors range as being 1.8–3.9 cm, 0.04–0.15 ns (1.2–4.5 cm), and 5–10 cm, respectively. For the one-year long-term evaluation, daily SISRE errors in 2018 show consistent performance with that of seven days. Furthermore, the open source software RTKLIB was used to evaluate the kinematic PPP performance based on the MADOCA real-time products, and it shows that the daily positioning accuracy of the 20 globally distributed IGS stations can reach 4.9, 4.2, 11.7, and 12.1 cm in the east, north, up, and 3D directions, respectively. Hence, it is concluded that the current MADOCA real-time ephemeris products can provide orbit and clock products with SISRE on centimeters level with high interval, which could meet the demands of the RTPPP solution and serve real-time users who can access the MADOCA real-time products via L6E signal or internet. View Full-Text
Keywords: QZSS satellite; MADOCA; orbit and clock errors; precise point positioning QZSS satellite; MADOCA; orbit and clock errors; precise point positioning
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Zhang, S.; Du, S.; Li, W.; Wang, G. Evaluation of the GPS Precise Orbit and Clock Corrections from MADOCA Real-Time Products. Sensors 2019, 19, 2580.

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