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Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4162; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124162

Discrimination Algorithm and Procedure of Snow Depth and Sea Ice Thickness Determination Using Measurements of the Vertical Ice Temperature Profile by the Ice-Tethered Buoys

1
College of Electrical and Power Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
2
SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai 200136, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 September 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

Snow depth and sea ice thickness in the Polar Regions are significant indicators of climate change and have been measured over several decades by ice-tethered buoys. However, sea ice temperature profiles measured by ice-tethered buoys are rarely used to infer snow depth and sea ice thickness owing to the lack of automatic discrimination algorithms, restricting the use of the data for sea ice thermodynamics studies. In this study, snow depth and sea ice thickness were retrieved through the measurements of sea ice temperature profiles using discrimination algorithms of the change point and the maximum likelihood detection methods. The data measured by 50 ice-tethered buoys were used to evaluate the accuracy of the results determined by the algorithm. Influences on the seasonal sea ice thermodynamic state, vertical interval of temperature sensors on the buoys, and initial ice thickness on the estimation errors were also evaluated. The performance of the discrimination algorithm for the data from the Arctic and Antarctic regions was also compared. There were no identifiable differences between the estimation errors from the Arctic and Antarctica. Increases in both the interval of the temperature sensors and the initial ice thickness enlarged the error for the estimation of ice thickness. A procedure developed in this study strengthens the potential application of measurements from the ice-tethered buoys only with the measurements of the vertical temperature profile of the layer of snow-covered ice, but not the measurements of ice basal and surface positions using acoustic sounding. View Full-Text
Keywords: snow depth; ice thickness; ice-tethered buoys; temperature profiles; discrimination algorithm snow depth; ice thickness; ice-tethered buoys; temperature profiles; discrimination algorithm
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Zuo, G.; Dou, Y.; Lei, R. Discrimination Algorithm and Procedure of Snow Depth and Sea Ice Thickness Determination Using Measurements of the Vertical Ice Temperature Profile by the Ice-Tethered Buoys. Sensors 2018, 18, 4162.

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