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Sensors 2017, 17(7), 1568; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17071568

A Modified Differential Coherent Bit Synchronization Algorithm for BeiDou Weak Signals with Large Frequency Deviation

College of Automation Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211100, China
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Received: 18 May 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 1 July 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

BeiDou system navigation messages are modulated with a secondary NH (Neumann-Hoffman) code of 1 kbps, where frequent bit transitions limit the coherent integration time to 1 millisecond. Therefore, a bit synchronization algorithm is necessary to obtain bit edges and NH code phases. In order to realize bit synchronization for BeiDou weak signals with large frequency deviation, a bit synchronization algorithm based on differential coherent and maximum likelihood is proposed. Firstly, a differential coherent approach is used to remove the effect of frequency deviation, and the differential delay time is set to be a multiple of bit cycle to remove the influence of NH code. Secondly, the maximum likelihood function detection is used to improve the detection probability of weak signals. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations are conducted to analyze the detection performance of the proposed algorithm compared with a traditional algorithm under the CN0s of 20~40 dB-Hz and different frequency deviations. The results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the traditional method with a frequency deviation of 50 Hz. This algorithm can remove the effect of BeiDou NH code effectively and weaken the influence of frequency deviation. To confirm the feasibility of the proposed algorithm, real data tests are conducted. The proposed algorithm is suitable for BeiDou weak signal bit synchronization with large frequency deviation. View Full-Text
Keywords: bit synchronization; NH code; differential coherent; Beidou System bit synchronization; NH code; differential coherent; Beidou System
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Han, Z.; Liu, J.; Li, R.; Zeng, Q.; Wang, Y. A Modified Differential Coherent Bit Synchronization Algorithm for BeiDou Weak Signals with Large Frequency Deviation. Sensors 2017, 17, 1568.

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