A Carrier Estimation Method Based on MLE and KF for Weak GNSS Signals
AbstractMaximum likelihood estimation (MLE) has been researched for some acquisition and tracking applications of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers and shows high performance. However, all current methods are derived and operated based on the sampling data, which results in a large computation burden. This paper proposes a low-complexity MLE carrier tracking loop for weak GNSS signals which processes the coherent integration results instead of the sampling data. First, the cost function of the MLE of signal parameters such as signal amplitude, carrier phase, and Doppler frequency are used to derive a MLE discriminator function. The optimal value of the cost function is searched by an efficient Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) method iteratively. Its performance including Cramér–Rao bound (CRB), dynamic characteristics and computation burden are analyzed by numerical techniques. Second, an adaptive Kalman filter is designed for the MLE discriminator to obtain smooth estimates of carrier phase and frequency. The performance of the proposed loop, in terms of sensitivity, accuracy and bit error rate, is compared with conventional methods by Monte Carlo (MC) simulations both in pedestrian-level and vehicle-level dynamic circumstances. Finally, an optimal loop which combines the proposed method and conventional method is designed to achieve the optimal performance both in weak and strong signal circumstances. View Full-Text
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Zhang, H.; Xu, L.; Yan, B.; Zhang, H.; Luo, L. A Carrier Estimation Method Based on MLE and KF for Weak GNSS Signals. Sensors 2017, 17, 1468.
Zhang H, Xu L, Yan B, Zhang H, Luo L. A Carrier Estimation Method Based on MLE and KF for Weak GNSS Signals. Sensors. 2017; 17(7):1468.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Hongyang; Xu, Luping; Yan, Bo; Zhang, Hua; Luo, Liyan. 2017. "A Carrier Estimation Method Based on MLE and KF for Weak GNSS Signals." Sensors 17, no. 7: 1468.
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