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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2383;

Modified Gray-Level Coding Method for Absolute Phase Retrieval

School of Automation, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
Department of Precision Machinery and Precision Instrumentation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Department of Instrument Science and Opto-Electronics Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230088, China
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping, and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 16 October 2017 / Published: 19 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Imaging Depth Sensors—Sensors, Algorithms and Applications)
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Fringe projection systems have been widely applied in three-dimensional (3D) shape measurements. One of the important issues is how to retrieve the absolute phase. This paper presents a modified gray-level coding method for absolute phase retrieval. Specifically, two groups of fringe patterns are projected onto the measured objects, including three phase-shift patterns for the wrapped phase, and three n-ary gray-level (nGL) patterns for the fringe order. Compared with the binary gray-level (bGL) method which just uses two intensity values, the nGL method can generate many more unique codewords with multiple intensity values. With assistance from the average intensity and modulation of phase-shift patterns, the intensities of nGL patterns are normalized to deal with ambient light and surface contrast. To reduce the codeword detection errors caused by camera/projector defocus, nGL patterns are designed as n-ary gray-code (nGC) patterns to ensure that at most, one code changes at each point. Experiments verify the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed method to measure isolated objects with complex surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: fringe projection; phase retrieval; phase shift; gray-level coding fringe projection; phase retrieval; phase shift; gray-level coding

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Chen, X.; Chen, S.; Luo, J.; Ma, M.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Chen, L. Modified Gray-Level Coding Method for Absolute Phase Retrieval. Sensors 2017, 17, 2383.

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