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Article

Autonomous Docking Based on Infrared System for Electric Vehicle Charging in Urban Areas

IMARA Team at INRIA Research Center, Domaine de Voluceau-Rocquencourt, BP 105, 78153 Le Chesnay, France
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Sensors 2013, 13(2), 2645-2663; https://doi.org/10.3390/s130202645
Received: 11 December 2012 / Revised: 24 January 2013 / Accepted: 5 February 2013 / Published: 21 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends towards Automatic Vehicle Control and Perception Systems)
Electric vehicles are progressively introduced in urban areas, because of their ability to reduce air pollution, fuel consumption and noise nuisance. Nowadays, some big cities are launching the first electric car-sharing projects to clear traffic jams and enhance urban mobility, as an alternative to the classic public transportation systems. However, there are still some problems to be solved related to energy storage, electric charging and autonomy. In this paper, we present an autonomous docking system for electric vehicles recharging based on an embarked infrared camera performing infrared beacons detection installed in the infrastructure. A visual servoing system coupled with an automatic controller allows the vehicle to dock accurately to the recharging booth in a street parking area. The results show good behavior of the implemented system, which is currently deployed as a real prototype system in the city of Paris. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous parking; electric vehicle; vision systems; docking system; lateral control autonomous parking; electric vehicle; vision systems; docking system; lateral control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez, J.; Nashashibi, F.; Lefaudeux, B.; Resende, P.; Pollard, E. Autonomous Docking Based on Infrared System for Electric Vehicle Charging in Urban Areas. Sensors 2013, 13, 2645-2663. https://doi.org/10.3390/s130202645

AMA Style

Pérez J, Nashashibi F, Lefaudeux B, Resende P, Pollard E. Autonomous Docking Based on Infrared System for Electric Vehicle Charging in Urban Areas. Sensors. 2013; 13(2):2645-2663. https://doi.org/10.3390/s130202645

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez, Joshué, Fawzi Nashashibi, Benjamin Lefaudeux, Paulo Resende, and Evangeline Pollard. 2013. "Autonomous Docking Based on Infrared System for Electric Vehicle Charging in Urban Areas" Sensors 13, no. 2: 2645-2663. https://doi.org/10.3390/s130202645

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