Next Article in Journal
Conducting Polymer 3D Microelectrodes
Next Article in Special Issue
Man-Machine Interface System for Neuromuscular Training and Evaluation Based on EMG and MMG Signals
Previous Article in Journal
Multi-Sensor Person Following in Low-Visibility Scenarios
Previous Article in Special Issue
Monitoring the Depth of Anaesthesia
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sensors 2010, 10(12), 10967-10985;

A Review of Direct Neck Measurement in Occupational Settings

Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, CP 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2010 / Revised: 20 November 2010 / Accepted: 22 November 2010 / Published: 3 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors in Biomechanics and Biomedicine)
Full-Text   |   PDF [320 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


No guidelines are available to orient researchers on the availability and applications of equipment and sensors for recording precise neck movements in occupational settings. In this study reports on direct measurements of neck movements in the workplace were reviewed. Using relevant keywords two independent reviewers searched for eligible studies in the following databases: Cinahal, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, PubMed, MEDLINE, PEDro, Scopus and Web of Science. After applying the inclusion criteria, 13 articles on direct neck measurements in occupational settings were retrieved from among 33,666 initial titles. These studies were then methodologically evaluated according to their design characteristics, exposure and outcome assessment, and statistical analysis. The results showed that in most of the studies the three axes of neck movement (flexion-extension, lateral flexion and rotation) were not simultaneously recorded. Deficiencies in available equipment explain this flaw, demonstrating that sensors and systems need to be improved so that a true understanding of real occupational exposure can be achieved. Further studies are also needed to assess neck movement in those who perform heavy-duty work, such as nurses and electricians, since no report about such jobs was identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: portable equipment; direct measurements; cervical movement; occupational exposure portable equipment; direct measurements; cervical movement; occupational exposure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Carnaz, L.; Batistao, M.V.; Gil Coury, H.J.C. A Review of Direct Neck Measurement in Occupational Settings. Sensors 2010, 10, 10967-10985.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top