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Article

HIF1A: A Putative Modifier of Hemochromatosis

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Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20900 Monza, Italy
2
Liceo Artistico Statale Amedeo Modigliani, 20833 Giussano, Italy
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Hematology and Clinical Research Unit, ASST-Monza, San Gerardo Hospital Monza, 20900 Monza, Italy
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Centre of European Reference Network (EuroBloodNet) and Centre for Rare Diseases-Disorders of Iron Metabolism-ASST-Monza, San Gerardo Hospital Monza, 20900 Monza, Italy
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Medical Genetics-ASST-Monza, S. Gerardo Hospital Monza, 20900 Monza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Greg Anderson
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(3), 1245; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031245
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 27 January 2021
HFE-related hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is characterized by marked phenotypic heterogeneity. Homozygosity for p.C282Y is a low penetrance genotype suggesting that the HFE-HH is a multifactorial disease resulting from a complex interaction involving a major gene defect, genetic background and environmental factors. We performed a targeted NGS-based gene panel to identify new candidate modifiers by using an extreme phenotype sampling study based on serum ferritin and iron removed/age ratio. We found an increased prevalence of the HIF1A p.Phe582Ser and p.Ala588Thr variants in patients with a severe iron and clinical phenotype. Accordingly, Huh-7 cells transfected with both variants showed significantly lower HAMP promoter activity by luciferase assay. The qRT-PCR assays showed a downregulation of hepcidin and an upregulation of the HIF1A target genes (VEGF, HMOX, FUR, TMPRSS6) in cells transfected with the HIF1A-P582S vector. We identified mutations in other genes (e.g., Serpina1) that might have some relevance in single cases in aggravating or mitigating disease manifestation. In conclusion, the present study identified HIF1A as a possible modifier of the HFE-HH phenotype cooperating with the genetic defect in downregulating hepcidin synthesis. In addition, this study highlights that an NGS-based approach could broaden our knowledge and help in characterizing the genetic complexity of HFE-HH patients with a severe phenotype expression. View Full-Text
Keywords: hereditary hemochromatosis; HFE; modifiers; HIF1A hereditary hemochromatosis; HFE; modifiers; HIF1A
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pelucchi, S.; Ravasi, G.; Arosio, C.; Mauri, M.; Piazza, R.; Mariani, R.; Piperno, A. HIF1A: A Putative Modifier of Hemochromatosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 1245. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031245

AMA Style

Pelucchi S, Ravasi G, Arosio C, Mauri M, Piazza R, Mariani R, Piperno A. HIF1A: A Putative Modifier of Hemochromatosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(3):1245. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031245

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pelucchi, Sara, Giulia Ravasi, Cristina Arosio, Mario Mauri, Rocco Piazza, Raffaella Mariani, and Alberto Piperno. 2021. "HIF1A: A Putative Modifier of Hemochromatosis" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 3: 1245. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031245

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