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Acute Kidney Injury in COVID-19

CRKL, AIFM3, AIF, BCL2, and UBASH3A during Human Kidney Development

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, School of Medicine, University of Split, Šoltanska 2, 21 000 Split, Croatia
Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Mostar, 88 000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hajime Nagasu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(17), 9183;
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Diseases)
We aimed to investigate the spatio-temporal expression of possible CAKUT candidate genes CRKL, AIFM3, and UBASH3A, as well as AIF and BCL2 during human kidney development. Human fetal kidney tissue was stained with antibodies and analyzed by fluorescence microscopy and RT-PCR. Quantification of positive cells was assessed by calculation of area percentage and counting cells in nephron structures. Results showed statistically significant differences in the temporal expression patterns of the examined markers, depending on the investigated developmental stage. Limited but strong expression of CRKL was seen in developing kidneys, with increasing expression up to the period where the majority of nephrons are formed. Results also lead us to conclude that AIFM3 and AIF are important for promoting cell survival, but only AIFM3 is considered a CAKUT candidate gene due to the lack of AIF in nephron developmental structures. Our findings imply great importance of AIFM3 in energy production in nephrogenesis and tubular maturation. UBASH3A raw scores showed greater immunoreactivity in developing structures than mature ones which would point to a meaningful role in nephrogenesis. The fact that mRNA and proteins of CRKL, UBASH3A, and AIFM3 were detected in all phases of kidney development implies their role as renal development control genes. View Full-Text
Keywords: CRKL; AIFM3; AIF; BCL2; UBASH3A; kidney; development CRKL; AIFM3; AIF; BCL2; UBASH3A; kidney; development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lozic, M.; Minarik, L.; Racetin, A.; Filipovic, N.; Saraga Babic, M.; Vukojevic, K. CRKL, AIFM3, AIF, BCL2, and UBASH3A during Human Kidney Development. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 9183.

AMA Style

Lozic M, Minarik L, Racetin A, Filipovic N, Saraga Babic M, Vukojevic K. CRKL, AIFM3, AIF, BCL2, and UBASH3A during Human Kidney Development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(17):9183.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lozic, Mirela, Luka Minarik, Anita Racetin, Natalija Filipovic, Mirna Saraga Babic, and Katarina Vukojevic. 2021. "CRKL, AIFM3, AIF, BCL2, and UBASH3A during Human Kidney Development" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 17: 9183.

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