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Genomic Approaches to Identify Molecular Bases of Crop Resistance to Diseases and to Develop Future Breeding Strategies

1
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Cereal and Industrial Crops, S.S. 673, Km 25,200, 71122 Foggia, Italy
2
IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 22040 Anzano del Parco, Italy
3
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Genomics and Bioinformatics Research Center, Via San Protaso 302, 29017 Fiorenzuola d’Arda, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ki-Hong Jung
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(11), 5423; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115423
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Genetics and Plant Breeding)
Plant diseases are responsible for substantial crop losses each year and affect food security and agricultural sustainability. The improvement of crop resistance to pathogens through breeding represents an environmentally sound method for managing disease and minimizing these losses. The challenge is to breed varieties with a stable and broad-spectrum resistance. Different approaches, from markers to recent genomic and ‘post-genomic era’ technologies, will be reviewed in order to contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of host–pathogen interactions and genes, including those with small phenotypic effects and mechanisms that underlie resistance. An efficient combination of these approaches is herein proposed as the basis to develop a successful breeding strategy to obtain resistant crop varieties that yield higher in increasing disease scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: crop; disease resistance; genes; marker-assisted selection; meta-analysis; genomic selection; effectoromics; new breeding technologies crop; disease resistance; genes; marker-assisted selection; meta-analysis; genomic selection; effectoromics; new breeding technologies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mores, A.; Borrelli, G.M.; Laidò, G.; Petruzzino, G.; Pecchioni, N.; Amoroso, L.G.M.; Desiderio, F.; Mazzucotelli, E.; Mastrangelo, A.M.; Marone, D. Genomic Approaches to Identify Molecular Bases of Crop Resistance to Diseases and to Develop Future Breeding Strategies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 5423. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115423

AMA Style

Mores A, Borrelli GM, Laidò G, Petruzzino G, Pecchioni N, Amoroso LGM, Desiderio F, Mazzucotelli E, Mastrangelo AM, Marone D. Genomic Approaches to Identify Molecular Bases of Crop Resistance to Diseases and to Develop Future Breeding Strategies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(11):5423. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115423

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mores, Antonia, Grazia Maria Borrelli, Giovanni Laidò, Giuseppe Petruzzino, Nicola Pecchioni, Luca Giuseppe Maria Amoroso, Francesca Desiderio, Elisabetta Mazzucotelli, Anna Maria Mastrangelo, and Daniela Marone. 2021. "Genomic Approaches to Identify Molecular Bases of Crop Resistance to Diseases and to Develop Future Breeding Strategies" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 11: 5423. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22115423

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