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Effects of Cold-inducible RNA-binding Protein (CIRP) on Liver Glycolysis during Acute Cold Exposure in C57BL/6 Mice

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing 163319, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contribute equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(6), 1470; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061470
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 17 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 23 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
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Abstract

Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) is a stress-responsive protein involved in several signal transduction pathways required for cellular function, which are associated with apoptosis and proliferation. The present study aimed to investigate the possible effects of CIRP-mediated regulation of glucose metabolism in the liver following acute cold exposure. The livers and serum of male C57BL/6 mice were collected following cold exposure at 4 °C for 0 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h. Glucose metabolic markers and the expression of glucose metabolic-related proteins were detected in the liver. Acute cold exposure was found to increase the consumption of glycogen in the liver. Fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) and pyruvic acid (PA) were found to show a brief increase followed by a sharp decrease during cold exposure. Anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl-2) expression was upregulated. CIRP protein expression displayed a sequential increase with prolonged acute cold exposure time. Acute cold exposure also increased the level of protein kinase B (AKT) phosphorylation, and activated the AKT-signaling pathway. Taken together, these findings indicate that acute cold exposure increased the expression of CIRP protein, which regulates mouse hepatic glucose metabolism and maintains hepatocyte energy balance through the AKT signaling pathway, thereby slowing the liver cell apoptosis caused by cold exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: CIRP; cold exposure; liver; glucose metabolism; apoptosis CIRP; cold exposure; liver; glucose metabolism; apoptosis
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Liu, P.; Yao, R.; Shi, H.; Liu, Y.; Lian, S.; Yang, Y.; Yang, H.; Li, S. Effects of Cold-inducible RNA-binding Protein (CIRP) on Liver Glycolysis during Acute Cold Exposure in C57BL/6 Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1470.

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