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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(6), 1313; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061313

Impact of Air Exposure Time on the Water Contact Angles of Daily Disposable Silicone Hydrogels

1
Department of Cytology, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Biology, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Sofia 1164, Bulgaria
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan
3
Department of Optics and Spectroscopy, Faculty of Physics, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Sofia 1164, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Materials Science)
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Abstract

The wettability of silicone hydrogel (SiHy) contact lens (CLs) is crucial for the pre-lens tear film stability throughout the day. Therefore, sessile drop and captive bubble setups were used to study the advancing and receding water contact angles (CA) of four SiHy materials: narafilcon A (TE), senofilcon A (AOD), stenfilcon A (MD), and delefilcon A (DT). TE and AOD have 48% and 38% water content, respectively, and no surface coating. MD (54% water) implements “smart chemistry” with just 4.4% bulk silicone content, while DT has >80% water at its surface. These SiHy were subjected to continuous blink-like air exposure (10 s)/rehydration (1s) cycles for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 h. The advancing CA, which measures the rehydration propensity of the CL surface, proved to be the most sensitive parameter to discriminate between the samples. The order of performance for the entire time scale was DT > MD >> AOD ≥ TE. The extended desiccation/rehydration cycling increased the differences between the CA of DT and MD compared to AOD and TE. This suggests that the low Si surface content and the high surface hydration are major determinants of SiHy wettability. View Full-Text
Keywords: silicone hydrogels; wettability; tear film stability; desiccation; daily disposable contact lens; water gradient silicone hydrogels; wettability; tear film stability; desiccation; daily disposable contact lens; water gradient
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Eftimov, P.; Yokoi, N.; Peev, N.; Georgiev, G.A. Impact of Air Exposure Time on the Water Contact Angles of Daily Disposable Silicone Hydrogels. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1313.

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