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Open AccessReview

Effect of PHRs and PCPs on Microalgal Growth, Metabolism and Microalgae-Based Bioremediation Processes: A Review

Institute of Applied Radiation Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Wroblewskiego 15, 93-590 Lodz, Poland
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(10), 2492; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20102492
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Microbiology)
In this review, the effect of pharmaceuticals (PHRs) and personal care products (PCPs) on microalgal growth and metabolism is reported. Concentrations of various PHRs and PCPs that cause inhibition and toxicity to growths of different microalgal strains are summarized and compared. The effect of PHRs and PCPs on microalgal metabolism (oxidative stress, enzyme activity, pigments, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, toxins), as well as on the cellular morphology, is discussed. Literature data concerning the removal of PHRs and PCPs from wastewaters by living microalgal cultures, with the emphasis on microalgal growth, are gathered and discussed. The potential of simultaneously bioremediating PHRs/PCPs-containing wastewaters and cultivating microalgae for biomass production in a single process is considered. In the light of reviewed data, the feasibility of post-bioremediation microalgal biomass is discussed in terms of its contamination, biosafety and further usage for production of value-added biomolecules (pigments, lipids, proteins) and biomass as a whole. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmaceuticals (PHRs); personal care products (PCPs); environmental pollution; wastewaters; bioremediation; microalgal cultivation; biomass production; biomolecules; industrial applications pharmaceuticals (PHRs); personal care products (PCPs); environmental pollution; wastewaters; bioremediation; microalgal cultivation; biomass production; biomolecules; industrial applications
MDPI and ACS Style

Miazek, K.; Brozek-Pluska, B. Effect of PHRs and PCPs on Microalgal Growth, Metabolism and Microalgae-Based Bioremediation Processes: A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2492.

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