Next Article in Journal
Phasor-Based Endogenous NAD(P)H Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Unravels Specific Enzymatic Activity of Neutrophil Granulocytes Preceding NETosis
Next Article in Special Issue
Neuroprotective Effects of Four Phenylethanoid Glycosides on H2O2-Induced Apoptosis on PC12 Cells via the Nrf2/ARE Pathway
Previous Article in Journal
Contributions of Bioactive Molecules in Stem Cell-Based Periodontal Regeneration
Previous Article in Special Issue
Protective Effects of Gomisin N against Hepatic Cannabinoid Type 1 Receptor-Induced Insulin Resistance and Gluconeogenesis
Open AccessArticle

Aged (Black) versus Raw Garlic against Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Cardiac Complications

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Debrecen, 4012 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Department of Animal Husbandry, Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Agriculture, Food Science and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, 4012 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Department of Pediatrics, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, 4012 Debrecen, Hungary
4
Hemostasis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 4012 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(4), 1017; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19041017
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 22 March 2018 / Accepted: 22 March 2018 / Published: 28 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Natural Products for Human Health)
Recent evidence from studies suggests that aged black garlic also has an effect on health. The major aim of the present study is to compare the effect of raw and aged black garlic on postischemic cardiac recovery. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. Animals of the first group were fed with raw garlic, animals of the second group received aged black garlic, while the third group served as vehicle-treated controls. Upon conclusion of the treatment, isolated hearts were undertaken to ischemia/reperfusion. Heart function and infarct size were measured and the level of HO-1 and iNOS were studied. Superior postischemic cardiac function and reduced infarct size in both garlic treated groups compared to the drug-free control group, indicated cardioprotective effects. However, no significant differences between the garlic treated groups were observed. Western blot analysis revealed that raw garlic enhanced the level of HO-1 before ischemia, while in ischemic samples, we found elevated HO-1 expression in both garlic treated groups. The level of iNOS was the same before ischemia in all groups, however, a markedly reduced iNOS level in ischemic/reperfused hearts originating from control and raw garlic treated animals was observed. Samples from aged black garlic treated animals demonstrated that the level of iNOS was not significantly reduced after ischemia/reperfusion. Taken together these results indicate that not only raw but also aged black garlic possess a cardioprotective effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: garlic; ischemia; heme oxygenase; reperfusion; heart garlic; ischemia; heme oxygenase; reperfusion; heart
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Czompa, A.; Szoke, K.; Prokisch, J.; Gyongyosi, A.; Bak, I.; Balla, G.; Tosaki, A.; Lekli, I. Aged (Black) versus Raw Garlic against Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Cardiac Complications. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1017.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop