Supplementary Light Source Affects the Growth and Development of Codonopsis lanceolata Seedlings
AbstractCodonopsis lanceolata is widely used in traditional medicine and diets. However, there is no optimal protocol for the commercial production of C. lanceolata seedlings. This study was carried out to find the optimum supplementary light source for the production of C. lanceolata seedlings. Seedlings were grown for four weeks in a glasshouse with an average daily light intensity of 490 μmol·m−2·s−1 photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) coming from the sun and a 16-h daily supplementary lighting at 120 μmol·m−2·s−1 PPFD from either high-pressure sodium (HPS), metal halide (MH), far-red (FR), white LED (LED-w), or mixed (white: red: blue = 1:2:1) LEDs (LED-mix). The results showed that the greatest total biomass, stem diameter, ratio of shoot weight to shoot length, root biomass, and ratio of root weight to shoot weight were found in seedlings grown under supplementary LED-mix. Meanwhile, the stomatal properties and soluble sugar contents were improved for seedlings in LED-mix. The contents of starch, total phenols, and flavonoids were the greatest for seedlings in LED-w and LED-mix. The expression of photosynthetic proteins and genes in seedlings was also enhanced by LED-mix. Overall, these results suggest that LED-mix is advantageous to the photosynthetic potential and the accumulation of biomass, carbohydrates and secondary metabolites in C. lanceolata. View Full-Text
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Ren, X.; Liu, Y.; Jeong, H.K.; Jeong, B.R. Supplementary Light Source Affects the Growth and Development of Codonopsis lanceolata Seedlings. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3074.
Ren X, Liu Y, Jeong HK, Jeong BR. Supplementary Light Source Affects the Growth and Development of Codonopsis lanceolata Seedlings. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(10):3074.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ren, Xiuxia; Liu, Ya; Jeong, Hai K.; Jeong, Byoung R. 2018. "Supplementary Light Source Affects the Growth and Development of Codonopsis lanceolata Seedlings." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 10: 3074.
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