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Open AccessReview

Antimicrobial Polymeric Materials with Quaternary Ammonium and Phosphonium Salts

by 1,2, 1,* and 3
1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
2
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
3
School of Environment Science & Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonella Piozzi
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(2), 3626-3655; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16023626
Received: 27 November 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2015 / Published: 6 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Polymers)
Polymeric materials containing quaternary ammonium and/or phosphonium salts have been extensively studied and applied to a variety of antimicrobial-relevant areas. With various architectures, polymeric quaternary ammonium/phosphonium salts were prepared using different approaches, exhibiting different antimicrobial activities and potential applications. This review focuses on the state of the art of antimicrobial polymers with quaternary ammonium/phosphonium salts. In particular, it discusses the structure and synthesis method, mechanisms of antimicrobial action, and the comparison of antimicrobial performance between these two kinds of polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial; cationic polymer; quaternary ammonium salt; quaternary phosphonium salt antimicrobial; cationic polymer; quaternary ammonium salt; quaternary phosphonium salt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xue, Y.; Xiao, H.; Zhang, Y. Antimicrobial Polymeric Materials with Quaternary Ammonium and Phosphonium Salts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 3626-3655.

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